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Naturalism

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Journal Article
Novel (2009) 42 (3): 460–466.
Published: 01 November 2009
... life, with its affinity for protracted descriptive pauses, more distorting still. Natural history influenced these descriptive practices; this essay argues that nineteenth-century novelistic description borrowed both a structure and an ethical justification from the observational practices of natural...
Journal Article
Novel (2021) 54 (1): 19–42.
Published: 01 May 2021
...Victoria Saramago Abstract The Amazonian region occupies a singular place in the fiction and nonfiction of the Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa. Author of paradigmatic novels on the Peruvian Amazon, Vargas Llosa nevertheless has repeatedly defended extensive exploitation of Amazonian natural...
Journal Article
Novel (2016) 49 (1): 82–94.
Published: 01 May 2016
...Mario Ortiz-Robles Thomas Hardy's naturalism offers a view of human affairs based on probable outcomes that makes visible the biopolitical realignments of society at the end of the nineteenth century. In this essay, the figure of the animal in Far from the Madding Crowd (1874) acts as a test case...
Journal Article
Novel (2017) 50 (2): 197–216.
Published: 01 August 2017
.... Copyright © 2017 by Duke University Press 2017 Naturalism progressivism literary sociology affect The turn of the twentieth century was an exceptionally disgusting time in American literary history. In Stephen Crane's Maggie: A Girl of the Streets ( 1893 ), a man solicits a young unnamed...
Journal Article
Novel (2017) 50 (1): 56–76.
Published: 01 May 2017
...John Plotz “Overtones and Empty Rooms” sets out to track Cather's idiosyncratic movement away from antecedents ranging from Norris's naturalism to James's novels of consciousness and toward a “moderate modernist” form of semidetachment. Her fiction between O Pioneers! (1913) and The Professor's...
Journal Article
Novel (2016) 49 (1): 10–25.
Published: 01 May 2016
...Ursula K. Heise This essay examines the convergence of the science-fiction motif of terraforming with current discussions of the Anthropocene. In the process, it outlines a vision of the city, not as the antithesis to nature or a biological wasteland but as itself a form of nature. This vision...
Journal Article
Novel (2015) 48 (3): 400–420.
Published: 01 November 2015
... or supernatural agency over Crane's fictional terrain. Accounting for these in terms of fairly conventional modes of realism and naturalism, critics often presume that Crane's plotting works to literalize clichés of common speech and thus to reveal, in a manner of action, social significance latent in a manner...
Journal Article
Novel (2016) 49 (1): 95–114.
Published: 01 May 2016
... only relate to nature via an intervening screen of social representations; that is, through what Theodor W. Adorno called a “second nature.” In the Anthropocene, however, these layers become blurred, since nature itself becomes a medium for the inscription of texts that contain portentous clues...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Novel (2011) 44 (2): 229–248.
Published: 01 August 2011
...Teresa Michals Although Philippe Ariès and the historians who followed him have made us familiar with the “invention of childhood,” we may still think of adulthood as a natural category. But that is not the case. Rather, around the turn of the nineteenth century, adulthood becomes the object...
Journal Article
Novel (2011) 44 (2): 249–267.
Published: 01 August 2011
... in Pierre , we find incest occupying an important threshold between significance and sound, between meaning and unmeaning. The first part of the essay reveals that Melville borrows from Poe a gothic “sound” that emphasizes the physical nature of language. The second part of the essay explores the history...
Journal Article
Novel (2013) 46 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 May 2013
... that Dickens's novel serves to model the metropolis as a space of artificial nature, in which everything, including the weather, bears the traces of human influence. This provides a means to reevaluate the status of realism in an artificial climate, in which the laws of nature cease to delimit the bounds...
Journal Article
Novel (2014) 47 (3): 339–362.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Sarah Tindal Kareem This essay reimagines the relationship between Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe (1719) and David Hume's skeptical philosophy, a relationship previously defined by Ian Watt's suggestion in The Rise of the Novel (1957) that Hume's emphasis upon man's essentially social nature...
Journal Article
Novel (2010) 43 (1): 23–30.
Published: 01 May 2010
... as Lukács (especially in his later work), who represent the novel form in terms of an abstract totality. In the context of Victorian visuality, I argue that it is precisely the abstract nature of photographic representation—its tendency to homogenize details and identities—that made possible the productions...
Journal Article
Novel (2009) 42 (3): 437–442.
Published: 01 November 2009
... of court, and then published Randall's novel—it misstated the political nature of parody to achieve a legal benefit. By sharpening the definition of parody to include the trope of irony, I demarcate the fine line separating African American literature's historic attacks on racial stereotypes from...
Journal Article
Novel (2009) 42 (3): 443–450.
Published: 01 November 2009
... that clearly fascinated Defoe? How might novelistic emplotment, and specifically the always lingering question of providence in Defoe, register the gradual disenchantment of nature and history? The essay ends with a consideration of three works that Defoe composed immediately after the 1703 hurricane...
Journal Article
Novel (2009) 42 (2): 326–331.
Published: 01 August 2009
...”—the science of the excerpt is to find the right passage of text to produce a series of affects identical in nature, if abbreviated in time, to the series of affects the novel under consideration produces. Unlike the censorious critics interested only in the moral effects of fiction or the lazy critics...
Journal Article
Novel (2014) 47 (2): 224–241.
Published: 01 August 2014
...,” looks not just overtly Malthusian but deterministic in every sense: a brutal lesson in the impossibility of equality. Whether one approaches it, via Michel Foucault, as an illustration of power's inexorable grasp on life or, via Georg Lukács, as symptomatic of naturalism's dehumanizing ideological bent...
Journal Article
Novel (2014) 47 (1): 132–148.
Published: 01 May 2014
...Horacio Legrás Following the lead of Jacques Rancière, I argue in this essay that democracy andthe institution of literature share structural features that are inescapably historical in nature. The essay maps the interaction between literature and democracy in the case of two prominent contemporary...
Journal Article
Novel (2014) 47 (1): 149–166.
Published: 01 May 2014
... both to legitimize “the People” of democracy and to manage the inherent instability in that category, and dominant theoretical models for explaining literature's democratic potential have also relied on and naturalized those mechanisms. Yet Krik? Krak! indexes the many exclusions smuggled in through...
Journal Article
Novel (2012) 45 (1): 6–9.
Published: 01 May 2012
... relevant to the noncausal nature of the bargaining that readers engage in. © 2012 by Novel, Inc. 2012 Duke University Press Work Cited Nozick Robert . “Newcomb's Problem and Two Principles of Choice.” Socratic Puzzles . Cambridge, MA : Harvard UP , 1997 . 45 – 84...