This essay surveys art, critical writings, and poetry on and around the subject of Sarah, or Saartjie, Baartman, a South African Khoi or San woman exhibited as the “Hottentot Venus” from 1810 to 1815 in Europe. The essay shares the authors’ research methods and ideas about how to contextualize Baartman within a discussion of images of women of African descent, particularly in Western culture.

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