This essay shows that Hannah Arendt was a theorist both of secularization as a process and of the secular as a goal of modern politics. It reconstructs these arguments in her corpus, especially On Revolution, and argues that this dimension of her work may have been a response to Carl Schmitt (and is in any event now usefully read in such a way). The essay ends by examining how Arendt might reply to currently influential challengers of a secular politics.

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