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vowel

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Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1947) 8 (3): 267–289.
Published: 01 September 1947
... to the general phonetic description of their principal allophones :? VOWELS: front (unrounded) central (unrounded) back (rounded) high 1: 1 u: u mid e: e 0: 0 low...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1940) 1 (1): 3–6.
Published: 01 March 1940
... one) of sound change. This is above all the case when, in the pro- duction of a particular vowel or diphthong, two organs are concerned, and one is active at the front of the mouth while the other is active at the back of it. Concentration results here in the process of fronting...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1953) 14 (2): 184–198.
Published: 01 June 1953
...] for the affricate which Reed indicates by [c]. (7) Reed uses the Greek eta /v/ to designate both the velar nasal and mere nasalization of vowels. This is possible in the dialect he describes inasmuch as the velar nasal appears only after short vowels, while only long vowels are nasalized. In KG...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1946) 7 (1): 21–33.
Published: 01 March 1946
... effects upon careful attention to rhythm and diction. The stanzas vary in length from four to twelve verses. A few translations there are that show some dissatisfaction with the rime schemes of English balladry for the interpretation of the characteristic vowel rime of the Spanish ballads...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1952) 13 (4): 417–418.
Published: 01 December 1952
... vowels do not occur in German. The short vowel of Engl. ‘up’ [ap], ‘hut’ [bt] is an [a] sound, while u in S.E. ‘man’ [maen], though often classed as a sub-member of [a], is more correctly an independent sound between [a] and [el, as the ligature serves to suggest. (P. 71) The first two...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1952) 13 (4): 416–417.
Published: 01 December 1952
... vowels do not occur in German. The short vowel of Engl. ‘up’ [ap], ‘hut’ [bt] is an [a] sound, while u in S.E. ‘man’ [maen], though often classed as a sub-member of [a], is more correctly an independent sound between [a] and [el, as the ligature serves to suggest. (P. 71) The first two...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1942) 3 (1): 5–8.
Published: 01 March 1942
... syllable made up of vowel and consonant.* This interpretation often agrees with the facts of usage. Thus, the word national may be pronounced with or without a vowel in either or both of its last two syllables. In words like beaten, however, the vowel of the weak syllable is theoretical rather...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1942) 3 (3): 472–475.
Published: 01 September 1942
... generally done, Hoops defends the orthodox Shakespeare. On the basis of the variant spellings Hoops concludes that Shakespeare probably pro- nounced his name in two ways: with a short vowel in colloquial speech, and with a long vowel in formal speech. It seems rather 1Hoops uses Chambers...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1963) 24 (3): 311–313.
Published: 01 September 1963
..., and similarly on p. 155). In this connection, the words frost and frozen (p. 103) illustrate almost nothing, and the pairs was-were/lose-fwlorn might have sereved better as ex- amples than frore (p. 155). Concerning the Middle English vowel system, Lehmann says “it is difficult to plot...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1941) 2 (2): 345–347.
Published: 01 June 1941
... definite ideas. On p. 8, the author enters upon a discussion of the Latin sound of c before a front vowel, and asserts that its sound was k. That may give rise to unprofitable controversy, and some will probably always remain doubtful of any conclusion. Would it not suffice to say...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1948) 9 (3): 322–342.
Published: 01 September 1948
... according to the manner in which their plurals are formed. There are three main types of plurals : ( 1) those which do not add endings in the plural and which may be classified into (a) those whose root-vowels are identical with the root-vowels of the singular, and (b) those which have...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1941) 2 (3): 522–524.
Published: 01 September 1941
... changes, including a relatively extensive dis- cussion of Romance diphthongization. Perhaps the most striking and original evidence in support of the theory is that which demon- strates that the formula for phonetic change is exactly the same in the case of consonants and vowels, including...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1943) 4 (1): 96–98.
Published: 01 March 1943
...” as applied to vowels. In the table of illustrations for the various vowel sounds (p. 56), the German words Strune, uber, schon are transcribed as if with a short vowel, whereas in the Standard German they have a long vowel. In the discussion of dissimilation there is one sentence...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1943) 4 (3): 372–374.
Published: 01 September 1943
.... The results are presented in four chapters: 1. Introduction. 2. The Vowel Sounds of Stressed Syllables. 3. The Vowel Sounds of Unstressed and Partially Stressed Syllables. 4. The Consonants. Mr. Hall is careful not to present his findings as a complete and exhaustive record, yet it is difficult...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1945) 6 (4): 495–496.
Published: 01 December 1945
... on the pronunciation of vowels, the author’s remarks on the nature and length of vowel denoted by the letter e in the past participle of class one are confusing; for example, e is considered to be a variant for short i in betyn (p. 7), to represent a lengthened vowel in strekyiz (p. 25), to be a symbol...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1961) 22 (1): 32–36.
Published: 01 March 1961
... the one we have discussed but more pervasive-are sug- gested by the casual sound effects of the airs. Mrs. Catherine Ing has demonstrated that Campion in his quantitative experiments frequently used repeated vowel sounds in order to force the identical length of different syllables.5 For example...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1943) 4 (4): 413–431.
Published: 01 December 1943
...? according to him the tendency inherent in French to con- centrate, with strong dynamic stress, on the tonic syllable, which entails the lengthening and diphthongization of vowels, the dropping of atonic vowels, the weakening of intervocalic consonants-all these changes ultimately go back...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1940) 1 (2): 266–267.
Published: 01 June 1940
... the experimenters found that “quantitative variation in a stressed vowel due to a change in phonetic environment is . . . the same in vowels of different quali- ty,” they based their results on analysis of 68 records of tooten [tutan] and 55 records of tooty [tut The Results: Stress level...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1953) 14 (3): 274–283.
Published: 01 September 1953
... to the method of forming plurals. First of all, there are nouns the plural of which is identical with the singular form, here listed as Type Ia, and nouns which add no ending in the plural, but show a change of vowel in the stem (Ib). These types correspond to Reed’s types la and lb. Next we...
Journal Article
Modern Language Quarterly (1951) 12 (2): 243–244.
Published: 01 June 1951
... monosyllabic pronuncia- tion); and I would recognize elision of the weak -e in mahte before the following vowel, thus avoiding a two-syllable Senkung with hiatus: %it unde bter rnii’htq enstl‘n.” Instead of a reading with “Hebung pausiert”: “nu h6lz ,, nu hbidh” (p. 52), why not: “nd h6k, nu heid...