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structural adjustment

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Journal Article
Meridians (2020) 19 (1): 85–106.
Published: 01 April 2020
... of the criticism of structural adjustment programs is also being published in the late 1980s. Structural adjustment programs (SAPs) are the conditions set by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund through which nations receiving aid must comply. They are policies of austerity that cut social programs...
Journal Article
Meridians (2020) 19 (1): 65–84.
Published: 01 April 2020
... , January 27 . https://www.forbes.com/sites/jakezamansky/2014/01/27/wall-streets-vultures-are-circling-puerto-ricos-bond-market/#1ab9ba293df5 . debt marronage globalization structural adjustment Caribbean Puerto Rico We need to talk about debt. Debt has become the substitute for wages...
Journal Article
Meridians (2001) 2 (1): 42–57.
Published: 01 September 2001
... that this catastrophe is perpetrated with the approval of the Sri Lankan government is a recognizable and predictable consequence of the current manifestation of structural adjustment programs, neo-liberal economic ideology, and globalism. The result is that many Third World governments are compelled to sell off...
Journal Article
Meridians (2002) 3 (1): 134–160.
Published: 01 September 2002
... traditions even as they practice them. As John Hutnyk points out, the Orientalizing nostalgia of "Asian cool" in Britain insidiously denies that "India is subject to ongoing participation in capitalist production, structural adjustment programmes, tourist and service industry expansion, satellite...
Journal Article
Meridians (2006) 7 (1): 73–103.
Published: 01 September 2006
... as structural adjustment, privatization, and international investment but on those figures that are defined as deviant and threatening because of their lack of "propriety" and "morality," such as sexualized women, prostitutes, and homosexuals (Alexander 1994). The emergence of a specifically East Indian...
Journal Article
Meridians (2020) 19 (1): 1–13.
Published: 01 April 2020
... banking system, but the international politics of debt and structural adjustment” (97). What is more, Shoemaker notes, Kincaid is equally critical of Antiguan peoples complicity with colonialism’s erasures, writing “ . . . they are governed by corrupt men, . . . [and] these corrupt men have given...
Journal Article
Meridians (2016) 14 (1): 30–49.
Published: 01 June 2016
... produce between women, particularly black women and 34 MERIDIANS 14:1 white women in Brazil. The same thing can be said regarding the intragroup race and gender solidarity that drove black women to demand that gender issues become a structural element within the discourse about racial inequality that sets...
Journal Article
Meridians (2016) 15 (1): 245–268.
Published: 01 December 2016
... structures and practices. Drawing heavily upon the work of Patricia Hill Collins, this article defines and explains black feminist critical pedagogy arguing that it is a critical knowledge project that generates knowledge and creates theories that allow for analysis, critique, and evaluation of how black...
Journal Article
Meridians (2000) 1 (1): 68–84.
Published: 01 September 2000
... achievement-particularly for women in the South. For example, Valentine Moghadam (1996) argues that transnational networks are organizing women around the most pressing questions of the day: reproductive rights, the growth of religious fundamentalism, and the adverse effects of structural adjustment policies...
Journal Article
Meridians (2016) 13 (2): 189–203.
Published: 01 March 2016
... range of issues from the vantage point of the impact of structural adjustment policies on women in other parts of the world. How are women's lives affected by the policies of the World Bank and the IMF? And how do women look at issues of work in the informal sector, trafficking in women, violence...
Journal Article
Meridians (2002) 2 (2): 41–66.
Published: 01 March 2002
.... We have also had to engage discourses on debt, Structural Adjustment Programs, the environment, HIV/AIDS, etc. The use of generalized categories thus becomes necessary for a solidarity front against persistent and transforming Euro-Western, global economic, cultural, and political forces...
Journal Article
Meridians (2001) 2 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 September 2001
... precipitated the decline of the welfare state in industrialized countries, such as the U.S. and Britain, and has brought about structural adjustment in the countries of the southern region. As social programs in the U.S. have been drastically curtailed, imprisonment has simultaneously become the most self...
Journal Article
Meridians (2016) 13 (2): v–vii.
Published: 01 March 2016
... with them reveal their encounters with gender relations, abuse, and cultural adjustment. Their testimonies brimmed with negative experiences, but a silver lining emerged: contrary to research that finds women competitive and subversive in their relations with one another, these interviewees reported...
Journal Article
Meridians (2020) 19 (S1): 87–111.
Published: 01 December 2020
..., such as the U.S. and Britain, and has brought about structural adjustment in the countries of the southern region. As social programs in the U.S. have been drastically curtailed, imprisonment has simultaneously become the most self-evident response to many of the social problems previously addressed...
Journal Article
Meridians (2018) 16 (2): 343–350.
Published: 01 March 2018
... to feel again and my mind to gain clarity around what is happening. Where am I? Is it time to get up? Really? As I adjust to the light of morning, my gaze lands upon Blue Monday a painting of a Black women sitting on the edge of her bed, shoulders and head slumped, preparing for another day. The famous...
Journal Article
Meridians (2016) 15 (1): 189–204.
Published: 01 December 2016
... of environmental racism; 2. Identify and critique social structures that contribute to environmental injustices; 3. Analyze the physical, emotional, psychological, and societal impacts of environmental racism; 4. Demonstrate empathy in exploring the experiences ofindividuals affected by environmental racism; 5...
Journal Article
Meridians (2005) 6 (1): 163–192.
Published: 01 September 2005
...: in the workspace, on the way to work, and in the domestic space (S. Halim and A. Haq 2004). In sum, the changing gendered social order, continuing devaluation of women as women, globalization, and structural adjustment policies of the 168 ELORA HALIM CHOWDHURY government have contributed to the precipitation...
Journal Article
Meridians (2001) 1 (2): 28–51.
Published: 01 March 2001
... Bank dictates-so-called structural adjustment programs that 32 KAMALA KEMPADOO rest upon neoliberal free-market policies-tourism has received an even greater boost, as these countries can no longer depend upon their participation in the global markets on the basis of agricultural production...
Journal Article
Meridians (2004) 5 (1): 40–65.
Published: 01 September 2004
... for assistance. But the structural adjustment policies instituted in the early 1980s only served to increase the widespread shortages of basic foods. So, in 1983 the WPA began a multi-fronted assault against the legitimacy of the food policy. Andaiye and the other women of the WPAwere integrally involved...
Journal Article
Meridians (2014) 12 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 March 2014
... that the World Bank and the IMF that represent the wealthy donor countries in the West/North impose neoliberal "Structural Adjustment Programs" on Third World nation-states, which have devastated the lives of poor women in such countries. This is part of what Alexander and Mohanty call "capitalist processes...