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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 16–25.
Published: 01 September 2010
... to develop a nuclear weapon, but the decision to reactivate a weapons program could be made at any time. Copyright 2010 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2010 Philip Giraldi is a former Central Intelligence Agency counterterrorism officer who served in Europe and the Middle East. He is a contributing...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 21–41.
Published: 01 December 2016
... parliamentarians have been active in foreign policy. First, they used the new concept of “responsibility to protect” (R2P) in 2011 over Libya. Then, in the case of Syria, their main focus was on reacting to the 2013 use of chemical weapons by the Bashar al-Assad regime. Later still, after several Daesh terrorist...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (1): 14–38.
Published: 01 March 2012
... have reached the end of the line in terms of Russian support for the United States regarding Iranian proliferation of nuclear weapons. Though Russia clearly opposes Iranian nuclearization, it does not regard this as nearly as great a threat as does the United States, and the evidence is quite...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 1–13.
Published: 01 December 2008
...Philip Giraldi Iran poses two fundamental challenges to the United States. First is its alleged program to develop a nuclear weapon, which is currently being negotiated and which might be managed and contained through concerted international action. Second, and more threatening in the long term...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 77–94.
Published: 01 September 2009
...Randall Newnham The question of how to deal with so-called rogue states, especially those trying to obtain weapons of mass destruction (WMD), is currently of central importance to the world. Advocates of military action, who predominated immediately after 9/11, have lost credibility in recent years...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2011
... suit. This author argues against this conventional wisdom. As a NATO member, Turkey is a special case. The analysis suggests that security is the main reason why countries pursue nuclear weapons. Egypt and Saudi Arabia (along with other Arab countries) have learned how to live with a perceived nuclear...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (2): 1–10.
Published: 01 June 2011
... not hitherto been the case. A policy of containment could accept that Tehran might aspire to a weapon and regional hegemony while devising strategies to mitigate and control the threat resulting from those developments. There are flaws in every possible approach, and there is no good policy option for dealing...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (4): 1–12.
Published: 01 December 2001
...- sessing these dangerous weapons could fundamentally change the decision- making process with regard to the international engagement of the United States. In short, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is the number one national security...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 76–95.
Published: 01 December 2003
... of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and states’ defiance of nonproliferation efforts have been astonishing. Major regional contenders have advanced their nuclear and chemical weapons cache for balance-of-power and other geostrategic reasons, thereby causing a security dilemma. In some cases...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (1): 12–27.
Published: 01 March 2007
... of countries Americans would least like to see have nuclear weapons, and the reason for apprehension has deep- ened dramatically in the past year with the election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Iran under the mullahs has always been a weird and omi- nous country, but the weirdness quotient has...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (2): 36–55.
Published: 01 June 2002
... to evolve in response to changing political, military, and economic circumstances. Despite global changes since the Cold War’s end, the developing world continues to be the primary focus of foreign arms sales activity by conventional weapons suppliers. General Trends in Arms Transfers...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 86–108.
Published: 01 March 2002
... of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) has become the preferred way to enhance the regional and international position of local countries. In the post–Cold War world, WMD capability is seen to be the most influential vehicle for achiev- ing international prestige, assertiveness, and attention. The search...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (3): 40–57.
Published: 01 September 2002
... If they fund a terrorist, they’re a terrorist. If they house terrorists, they’re ter- rorists. . . . If they develop weapons of mass destruction that will be used to terrorize nations, they will be held accountable.” Thus, the president linked the war on terrorism...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (4): 20–41.
Published: 01 December 2005
... to acquire nuclear weapons, because the same technology used for civilian power generation can produce weapons as well. As a European nuclear expert has remarked, some aspects of the Iranian programs are “highly troubling” because they appear to have gone “well beyond normal civilian activities...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 55–74.
Published: 01 September 2004
... to initiate substantive policy controls to curb the proliferation of small arms and light weapons.1 Theso-calledits securit existence rogue of states radical in thesocial south groups has promptedin the western the European Mediterranean Union andand y agencies to be even more concerned...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 25–33.
Published: 01 September 2003
... seeking their place in the sun but for those giants determined to maintain the status quo against these upstarts. The pace of ambitious nouveaux riches in world affairs will likely quicken with expanding acquisitions of weapons of mass destruction. This makes the contemporary case of Iraq versus...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (1): 31–51.
Published: 01 March 2009
.../11. These involved a reasserted case for ballistic missile defense (BMD), new arguments to substitute conventional weapons for some nuclear missions, and a revision of some of the widely held beliefs about deterrence. The Mid- dle East figured prominently in the strategic picture because...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 123–126.
Published: 01 September 2014
..., California: Stanford University Press, 2012. 552 pages. ISBN 978-­080477-­601-­1. $99.75 (hardcover). Reviewed by Ehsan M. Ahrari. The decisions by each of China, India, and Pakistan to develop nuclear weapons was the outcome of threats of attack and humiliation. In the case of China...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 126–131.
Published: 01 September 2014
... by Ehsan M. Ahrari. The decisions by each of China, India, and Pakistan to develop nuclear weapons was the outcome of threats of attack and humiliation. In the case of China, it was the threat of nuclear attack by the United States in the 1950s. India developed its nuclear weap- ons in order never...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (4): 23–39.
Published: 01 December 2000
..., Moscow has been selling substantial amounts of modern weapons to many of the Arab states that border on or are located close to the Mediterranean. Between 1991 and 1998, Russia trans- ferred almost $7 billion worth of such equipment to the Near East. (See table...