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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 107–123.
Published: 01 December 2014
...El Hassan The Middle East has 10 percent of the planet's land and 5 percent of its population, but it contains less than 1 percent of the world's freshwater resources. Thirteen of the twenty-two members of the Arab League rank among the world's most water-scarce nations. The effects of climate...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 97–121.
Published: 01 March 2016
...Fred H. Lawson Recent studies of Egypt's long-standing dispute with Ethiopia over the distribution of the waters of the Nile River assume that the adoption of the Nile Basin Initiative in 1999 heralded a sharp turn toward regional conciliation and harmony. This assumption is unwarranted, given...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 64–76.
Published: 01 June 2012
...Walter W. Hill Realism tells us that states are unitary actors and foreign policy ends at the water’s edge. This essay questions this view in the context of recent US policy on Afghanistan. In early 2008, Senator Barack Obama won several early primary victories and gained a substantial lead...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 70–95.
Published: 01 March 2018
... by the popula- tion through adequate diet, clean water, sanitation, and health care to attain a state of nutritional well- being whereby all their physiological needs are met. And stability denotes the absence of supply shortage or disruption due to natural calamities, artificial market conditions...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 26–39.
Published: 01 June 2009
... as in dividing the people that share its waters. Geographically, it is locked inside the largest group of landmasses on the globe — Europe, Asia, and Africa, regions so different yet linked historically as well as physically.1 A total of twenty-one countries share the Mediterra- nean’s coastline...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 95–121.
Published: 01 September 2009
..., or regions. Pirates have operated in Asian, African, and South Ameri- can coastlines and waters through the years. In 1981, the increasing loss of lives at the hands of pirates, and the devastating consequences on interna- tional trade, compelled the International Chamber of Commerce to form...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 38–56.
Published: 01 March 2013
... tension between Israel and Iran. The Levant Basin Energy Arena The Levant Basin is located along and off the coast of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and the Gaza Strip, extending westward into Cypriot waters. The basin con- nects to the Red Sea via the Suez Canal and the Black Sea through...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (3): 56–71.
Published: 01 September 2007
... on the simultaneous delimitation of the continental shelf and the EEZ. For many years, Turkey has been adding issues at the negotiating table, such as gray zones, demilitarization of islands, and the breadth of the territorial waters. On the other hand, Greece has not dared to add the issue of the EEZ...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (2): 59–77.
Published: 01 June 2000
... to target civilian infra- structure far from the Kosovo front: bridges, municipal water-pumping stations, smelting and chemical plants, car and shoe factories, oil refineries, city power grids, textile plants, and food-industry facilities.5 In addition...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (4): 117–139.
Published: 01 December 2000
..., and they include a host of thorny issues such as crafting security arrangements, drawing border lines, and normalizing relations. Issues abound concerning free trade, tourism, water rights, refugees, settle- ments, and economics and finance...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 95–104.
Published: 01 March 2014
...-­Greek tensions over Cyprus and other issues continues to grow, particularly with the oil and gas reserves off the waters of southern and southwestern Cyprus and the possibility of viable new finds in the waters off northern Cyprus, which, by definition, are in the 5. Available from European...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (3): 65–85.
Published: 01 September 2006
...: Common Courage Press, 2006). Humanity’s Ecological Footprint Evaggelos G. Vallianatos Life thrives primarily on one-quarter of the earth, about 11.4 billion hec­tares of land and water. The oc­eans take up 2.0 billion hec­tares of that fertile quarter...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 5–21.
Published: 01 March 2016
....14 This population growth, when com- bined with even moderate levels of per capita economic growth, will place additional demands on the Mediterranean’s ecosystems, including its fisher- ies, forests, and sources of fresh water. At the same time, climate change will squeeze the basin’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (4): 140–160.
Published: 01 December 2000
... by national boundaries. As a result, environmental goals have been incorporated into the mainstream of U.S. foreign policy. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright has stated, “Our citizens cannot be secure if the air we breathe, the food we grow, and the water we drink...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 21–45.
Published: 01 June 2003
.... • Increased desertification and soil erosion and decreased food produc- tion will likely lead to further demographic shifts to include future environmental refugees. • Finally, there may well be Increased resource scarcity, most notably water, as well as the potential for dwindling...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 16–22.
Published: 01 March 2006
... waters. But despite its “clear phases, timelines, target dates, and benchmarks aiming at progress through reciprocal steps by the two parties in the political, security, economic, humanitarian, and institution-building fields, under the auspices of the Quartet” intended to move it toward...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 1–4.
Published: 01 December 2014
... Hassan of Jordan presents another key issue to the region with respect to societal stability in his essay, “Water: The One Crisis That Also Represents the Biggest Opportunity for a Middle East People’s Peace.” The issue of water (and access to it) in the Middle East and North Africa has been...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 29–53.
Published: 01 December 2008
... Madrid peace confer- ence, Damascus has looked to Washington as the key interlocutor between itself and Israel in negotiations over the return of the Golan Heights.”46 Water access remains a major geostrategic roadblock to peace and a ter- ritorial handover of the Golan. Syrian concerns about...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 69–85.
Published: 01 March 2002
... of fellow NATO ally Turkey.”36 In addition to the Cyprus dispute, four other critical issues have given rise to serious tension between Greece and Turkey. These are: 1. the delimitation of the continental shelf, 2. the extent of Aegean territorial waters, 3. the allocation of operational...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 38–54.
Published: 01 September 2004
... meetings in the High Atlas Mountains, south of Marrakech. The villages in this region are among Morocco’s poorest, with extremely high rates of infant mortality (mostly due to unclean drinking water), illiteracy, and joblessness. The population’s dependence on fuel-wood for cooking and on grazing...