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syria

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2011) 22 (4): 62–79.
Published: 01 December 2011
...Hafizullah Emadi The Baath Party has ruled Syria with an iron fist since the 1960s, curbing civil liberties and imprisoning and executing anyone who dared oppose its rule. A major anti-Baath struggle erupted in the 1980s as Syrians rebelled, trying to topple the repressive regime. The ruling party...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2016) 27 (4): 21–41.
Published: 01 December 2016
... parliamentarians have been active in foreign policy. First, they used the new concept of “responsibility to protect” (R2P) in 2011 over Libya. Then, in the case of Syria, their main focus was on reacting to the 2013 use of chemical weapons by the Bashar al-Assad regime. Later still, after several Daesh terrorist...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2017) 28 (1): 82–98.
Published: 01 March 2017
... that has weakened the insurgency. Finally, it assesses the role that Russian, Iranian, and Hezbollah intervention has had in bolstering the regime of Bashar al-Assad. Syria's jihadist revolt has limited but important parallels to the failed 1982 Muslim Brotherhood insurrection. Even with the regime's...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2013) 24 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 March 2013
...Ted Galen Carpenter Western news media outlets have paid considerable attention to the civil war in Syria, but much of the coverage is simplistic and melodramatic. Too many accounts portray the conflict as a Manichean struggle between the evil, brutal regime of Bashar al-Assad and noble freedom...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2008) 19 (4): 29–53.
Published: 01 December 2008
...Brent J. Talbot; Heidi Harriman Hezbollah has become a powerful yet destabilizing force in Lebanon, affecting internal stability, allowing Syria and Iran dangerous influence, delaying peace with Israel, and complicating the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Moreover, it forces the United States to...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
...Ahmet T. Kuru Why did Turkish policies toward Syria and Egypt in 2011–15 largely fail? At the individual level, the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdogan was plagued by populism in the sense that he uses foreign policy issues for the sake of domestic party politics without pursuing long-term...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2017) 28 (1): 99–116.
Published: 01 March 2017
...Spyridon Plakoudas By June 2016, the Kurds of Syria (just 12 percent of the country's total population) controlled almost all of the 822-kilometer Turkish-Syrian border and advanced against Manbij and Raqqa — the Islamic State's resupply center and capital, respectively. How did the Syrian Kurds...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2018) 29 (2): 27–53.
Published: 01 June 2018
...Aneta Hlavsová; Kristýna Tamchynová; Radka Havlová This essay analyses the role of public opinion in the formation of US and Turkish policy toward the conflict in Syria. The United States and Turkey were chosen because they are key players in the Syrian conflict. In both countries, public opinion...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2011) 22 (4): 36–45.
Published: 01 December 2011
... autocracies and dictatorships across the Arab world, reaching to the Arab and Persian Gulfs. The awakening has been enervated by violent responses from more cohesive and profound dictatorships in Syria and Libya, but the “leaderless” model of the awakening can quickly bring together disparate groups working...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2015) 26 (2): 21–41.
Published: 01 June 2015
... Iraqi regime forces, rebel groups, Kurdish militants, and US-led coalition air strikes. The essay’s concluding observations analyze the parallels and differences between the Armed Islamic Group’s campaign in Algeria in the 1990s and ISIS’s position in Iraq and Syria in 2015. Anthony N. Celso is...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2016) 27 (2): 89–100.
Published: 01 June 2016
... non-oil-producing states struggled to provide better living conditions to their populations. Meanwhile, the war in Syria continued, the Islamic State (ISIS) was extending its efforts to establish a caliphate, and a massive influx of refugees was reaching Central Europe seeking asylum. In this context...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2018) 29 (1): 1–18.
Published: 01 March 2018
...Evaghoras L. Evaghorou In recent years, the eastern Mediterranean has been characterized by instability and intense competition among states and nonstate actors. This is mainly because of the Syrian crisis, the terrorist activity of the Islamic State in Syria, the competition over energy sources...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2014) 25 (4): 107–123.
Published: 01 December 2014
... Asia and North Africa region. Copyright 2015 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2015 Jordan water blue peace Dead Sea Syria Water: The One Crisis That Also Represents the Biggest Opportunity for a Middle East People’s Peace His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan With no...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2017) 28 (2): 80–105.
Published: 01 June 2017
... North Atlantic Treaty Organization headquarters in Brussels, covering the conflicts in Iraq and Syria. Copyright 2017 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2017 Shiite Islam Sunni Islam ISIS Syria Lebanon Identity, War, and Just Cause for War: Hezbollah and Its Use of Force Zafer...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2017) 28 (2): 30–52.
Published: 01 June 2017
... parties Mediterranean Syria immigration policy Immigration Law and the Politics of Migration in Greece Tina Mavrikos-­Adamou Greece finds itself in a quagmire as a European Union southern outpost for more than a million migrants and refugees passing through the country on their way...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2000) 11 (4): 117–139.
Published: 01 December 2000
... negotiations between Israel and Syria. Negotiations had come to a standstill in January 2000, and even President Clinton’s efforts to sway Assad in March 2000 failed to resuscitate the peace process. These two countries again find them- selves where they often...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2007) 18 (2): 37–60.
Published: 01 June 2007
... accompli, on the basis of Syria having had its own way through almost fifteen years of command of Lebanon, blessed by the United States in 1990. In late 2004, the United States and France surprised Damascus by refusing to bend any more to Baathist Syria’s strategic self-importance, and a majority...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2003) 14 (4): 116–138.
Published: 01 December 2003
... the Middle East. For Iran there was the end of a regime that had launched a long and costly war against it in 1980. Nevertheless, Iran continued to develop its nuclear capability and its missile systems. Syria lost its Baathist neighbor with which it had a rocky relationship despite sharing a...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2017) 28 (1): 1–2.
Published: 01 March 2017
...Magnus Nordenman Copyright 2017 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2017 From the Managing Editor Magnus Nordenman At the time this issue of the Mediterranean Quarterly went to press, the civil war in Syria raged, with Aleppo having fallen in the face of a combined assault by Syrian...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2017) 28 (3): 68–92.
Published: 01 September 2017
... context of Sunni Islam’s influence. Second, the essay describes and analyzes forms, examples, goals, and motives of terrorist attacks on the energy sector and the accompanying criminal activities conducted by the IS in selected MENA countries — mainly Egypt, Iraq, Libya, and Syria. On the...