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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (3): 87–99.
Published: 01 September 2000
... the Turkish Straits Yucel Guclu The Turkish Straits are a vital international waterway, particularly as the key to Istanbul and as the meeting place of Europe and Asia. In several places the straits are less than ten kilometers...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (3): 58–93.
Published: 01 September 2002
... the Soviet Union at the Outbreak of the Second World War Yücel Güçlü Historically, Turkey and the Turkish Straits have occupied a central position in Russian planning for war. The simple reason...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (4): 43–68.
Published: 01 December 2012
... connection to the world’s oceans is the narrow Strait of the Bosporus. As the Black Sea is a semi­ enclosed sea with unique water mass characteristics, it is particularly sensi- tive to many types of pollution, especially accidental or routine ship-­based pollution. A powerful storm that ripped through...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 96–119.
Published: 01 March 2018
... and on to the Albanian maritime port of Vlore, it will have a capacity of around 743,000 bpd. The pipeline’s length is planned at 894.5 kilometers, with four pumping stations along the way — three in Bulgaria and one in Macedonia. The primary purpose of the pipeline is to bypass the Bosporus Strait, allowing...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (3): 98–127.
Published: 01 September 2001
... policy was clear. Having scored a success at the Montreux Conference of 1936 by securing the right to remilitarize the Turkish Straits, and with its geo- political value thus upgraded, Turkey hoped to reach a favorable settlement...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 152–156.
Published: 01 December 2016
... to see for themselves the lack of Israeli troops in the area. Gamal Abdel Nasser, the popular president of Egypt and astute master of propaganda, then asked the United Nations to remove its peacekeeping troops from the Sinai and declared the Straits of Tirana closed to Israeli shipping...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 61–85.
Published: 01 September 2010
... Central Asian gas to European importers, even serving as a transit country for a Gazprom-­led effort would benefit Turkey by generating millions of dol- lars in transit fees, reducing tanker traffic through Turkey’s overcrowded and environmentally threatened Bosphorus Straits linking the Black Sea...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 124–140.
Published: 01 December 2014
... will be the area within and around the vast Indian and Pacific Oceans.1 This area from the Straits of Bab el Mandeb to Hawaii is the natural space for geopolitical competition between these actors, if the long advertised confrontation does materialize. This new geopolitical game will be unlike the Cold War...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 49–66.
Published: 01 September 2015
... is a founding member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (better known by its acronym, OPEC) and the Gas Exporting Countries Forum. It controls one side of the strategic Strait of Hormuz, the mouth of the Persian Gulf; Oman is located on the other side. The strait is the world’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (1): 33–51.
Published: 01 March 2005
... of Romania, Bulgaria, Georgia, the Russian Federation, Turkey, and Ukraine, and it is an area with densely populated shores, signifi cant natural resources, and a tiny strait con- necting to the Mediterranean. Neal Ascherson noted that “on the atlas, the Black Sea appears as a kidney-shaped pond...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (1): 12–27.
Published: 01 March 2007
... to unleash its ally, Hezbollah, on American targets throughout the Middle East. And there is always the risk that an attacked and humiliated Iran might do something incredibly rash, such as closing the Strait of Hormuz or launching attacks against Israel, triggering a massive regional crisis.7...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (2): 11–38.
Published: 01 June 2005
...? Athanasios Moulakis When seen on a map, the Mediterranean seems a clearly circumscribed unit contained between the Straits of Gibraltar and the Syrian coast, unless one chooses to include the Black Sea as part of it. Yet as Metternich maintained apropos of Italy, a geographical term does...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (2): 128–131.
Published: 01 June 2015
.... When Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956, Britain and France even colluded with Israel in a failed attempt to overthrow Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. In 1967 events took a more perilous turn when Nasser closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli ship- ping, a clear violation of UN...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (2): 4–29.
Published: 01 June 2017
... jurisdiction, which would run from the northern point of Crimea up to the mouth of the Danube and include a small part of the Sea of Azov but without access to this enclosed sea through the Russian-­controlled Kerch Straits.36 The demarcation of maritime boundaries is likely to be controversial...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 1–15.
Published: 01 March 2006
... operation consisted initially of patrolling the eastern Medi- terranean and carrying out on-board inspections of ships that raised suspi- cion. Further, the task force had the job of escorting commercial ships from allied countries through the Strait of Gibraltar if so requested. The success of Active...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2011
.... It occupies a strategic location on the Strait of Bab al-­Mandab. The strait connects the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, one of the world’s most active shipping lanes. Closure of Bab al-­Mandab could keep tankers from the Gulf of Aden from reaching the Suez Canal and the Sumed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (2): 17–31.
Published: 01 June 2006
... toward the Taiwan Straits as a signal of US resolve to protect Taiwan. More recently, President George W. Bush stated in 2001 that the United States would “do whatever it takes” to defend Taiwan against a PRC assault. It is also clear that a strong and bipartisan majority in Congress continues...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (2): 1–6.
Published: 01 June 2006
... and the spiritual primacy of its leader, and so did the United States. Thus, at the height of the Cold War, when Josef Stalin was demanding joint control of the Bosporus straits, President Harry S. Truman, in a symbolic gesture of great geopolitical significance, sent the newly elected Patriarch Athenagoras...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 14–29.
Published: 01 June 2012
... difficult to explain the mobilization of the work battalions within the framework of capitalist logic. It is impossible to rationalize the grave dis- ruption of the production chain and distribution of goods, under wartime con- ditions, when the country’s economy was already in very difficult straits...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (3): 86–101.
Published: 01 September 2005
.... Further frustrating immigration control is the underground economy that sup- ports criminal gangs, illegal migrants, and the Islamist terror network. Moroc- can, Colombian, and Spanish criminal networks have cooperated to bring both drugs and people across the Straits of Gibraltar and through...