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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 89–109.
Published: 01 December 2015
... conservative states, Iraq and Saudi Arabia, played prominent roles in the implementation of the Eisenhower Doctrine, yet while US policymakers were eager to mold King Saud bin Abdulaziz al-Saud into a regional leader, they were decidedly ambivalent toward the ambitions of the Hashemite regime in Iraq...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 24–37.
Published: 01 September 2004
...David E. Long Mediterranean Affairs,Inc. 2004 David E. Long is former executive director of the Georgetown University Center for Contemporary Arab Studies and a former deputy director of the State Department's Office of Counterterrorism. US-Saudi Relations: Evolution, Current...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2011
...Gawdat Bahgat Since the early 2000s Iran's nuclear program has been a major focus of international and regional policy. Many policy makers and scholars have expressed their concern that if Iran “goes nuclear” other Middle Eastern countries, particularly Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey, will follow...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 42–55.
Published: 01 December 2003
...-being of such machina- tions. After all, the OPEC nations had to live on their sales of oil. At some point of greediness they would drive the world to reducing consumption of oil and to finding alternative sources of energy. The Saudis have long recog- nized this and kept OPEC from excesses. We have...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 27–39.
Published: 01 September 2014
...Gawdat Bahgat; Robert Sharp For decades the United States has forged close relations with a number of key allies in the Arab world, particularly Egypt and Saudi Arabia. These close ties were based largely on perceived national interest, not mutual values. The fundamental changes in the Arab world...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
... international strategies. At the state level, Turkey's military and diplomatic capacity was not sufficient to shape the political transformations in Syria and Egypt. At the international level, Turkey could not effectively respond to the challenges of the Iranian-led and Saudi Arabian–led blocs. The former...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 25–33.
Published: 01 September 2003
... and Arabian Peninsula, with special attention to Saudi Arabia, where regime problems have been linked to the struggle between the United States and Iraq after the latter’s invasion and occupation of Kuwait in August 1990. Outside the main gate of the Saudi National Guard officers academy in Riyadh stand...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 19–35.
Published: 01 March 2018
... Military Alliance against Terrorism, under the leadership of Saudi King Salman in 2015, provoked fresh debates about the emergence of a Sunni bloc in the Middle East. However, the Qatar crisis of 2017 disrupted inter- Sunni relations to a large extent. The state of affairs on the Sunni front...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 68–87.
Published: 01 September 2008
... In this essay I seek to document and analyze the relations between Turkey and the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) —  Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Uman — during the period from 2003 to 2007. I focus especially on their increased trade, economic...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (2): 5–38.
Published: 01 June 2013
... literature.1 The Arab world’s eight monarchies — Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) —  with the notable exception of the first, a tiny island kingdom off the coast of Saudi Arabia, have evaded the brunt of the upheaval and received relatively...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 1–18.
Published: 01 September 2009
... and development. Almost inevi- tably, this has meant that state-managed diversification efforts and develop- ment activities are slow, inefficient, and biased in one way or another. Apart from Saudi Arabia, all the GCC populations are small (see table 1). There are considerable expatriate communities...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 116–138.
Published: 01 December 2003
... states, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt. U.S. allies were pleased if not elated; those with whom there were tensions prior to the conflict over various issues (such as support of terrorism or development of a WMD capability) were dis- mayed. The former were concerned that a lengthy period of hostilities might...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 March 2013
... among Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey and the ancient bitter rivalry between the Sunni and Shiite factions of Islam. Unfortunately, the United States and its European allies seem only dimly aware of those dynamics and the dan- gers they pose. Historians have remarked that the Spanish civil war...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (4): 1–12.
Published: 01 December 2006
... States to encourage cer- tain Arab states, notably Saudi Arabia, to pin blame for the current Lebanon crisis on Hezbollah. After hearing US approval voiced for their stand in the Arab League on this topic, the Saudis have seemingly gone an extra step by having their religious leadership issue...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (3): 12–25.
Published: 01 September 2006
... Robert J. Pranger The Iraq problem confronting the United States today began in the Arab world and continues there. Surely the great majority of Arabs are Muslims, but the source of the crisis in Iraq is Arab. As Saudi prince Khaled bin Sul- tan writes in his 1995 memoir, Desert Warrior, King...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 116–132.
Published: 01 March 2006
... freer than their counterparts in Saudi Arabia. In trying to prevent the Islamist takeover of the country, the military intervention pushed back democracy in Algeria. 120 Mediterranean Quarterly: Winter 2006 For long the republic regimes like Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Libya had sup- pressed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 36–45.
Published: 01 December 2011
... possible through a global technology avail- able to almost anyone. It may have been first initiated by the innovation of satellite Arab language television that broke through state domestic control of television news. Al Jazeera’s ability to be carried in Saudi Arabia with access to news events...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 95–109.
Published: 01 June 2003
..., Turkey, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and India. The United States aims to secure an alternative source for energy, help Central Asia gain autonomy from Russia’s hegemony, block Iran’s influence, and promote political and economic free- doms. A U.S. military presence has significantly changed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 69–88.
Published: 01 December 2015
... colonel Husni Zaim seized power. According to then former CIA agent Wil- bur Eveland, the coup was carried out in order to obtain Syrian ratification of the Trans-­Arabian Pipeline, opened in 1950 to transport crude oil from Saudi Arabia to the Lebanese port of Sidon. It closed down after 1967. 6...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 130–132.
Published: 01 June 2003
... here is to dis- cuss the major events that had a profound impact on bin Laden’s politicization and pro- pelled him onto the world scene. First, his involvement in the fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s, which had the backing of Saudi Arabia and the United States, brought him...