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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (3): 55–77.
Published: 01 September 2018
...Zafer Yilmaz The Gezi uprising can be considered a crucial turning in Turkish politics. As a response to countrywide democratic protests, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government revived the security state, escalated authoritarian tendencies, and started to organize a nationalist...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 62–79.
Published: 01 December 2011
... violently suppressed dissidents and maintained its death grip on power. The 2011 public uprising against the regime was significant in its countrywide scope. Inspired by the fight of people throughout the Arab world, it challenged the authority of the despotic leader. Disenchanted Syrians organized protest...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 30–41.
Published: 01 June 2012
...Anthony N. Celso The political transformations under way in the Arab world and the killing of Osama bin Laden raise serious questions about al Qaeda’s long-term viability. The secular-liberal Arab Spring protest movement appears to be winning the war of ideas over al Qaeda’s violent religious...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 71–96.
Published: 01 March 2016
... dependency on the central government and reluctance to protest and (2) the exigency to raise land-based demands beyond the confines of elections. Together these introduce URP residents as a new critical urban force in their respective democracies. Sultan Tepe is associate professor of political science...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (1): 52–66.
Published: 01 March 2012
.... El-Khawas: Egypt’s Unfinished Revolution  53 National Democratic Party (NDP), through unsavory means, “shutout nearly all opposition candidates” and bragged about how the voters supported its policies.1 Protests erupted in many cities and police used force to disperse the crowds...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 36–45.
Published: 01 December 2011
... no real democratic foundation. Inspiration for protests against the established and rigidly controlled order grew from the streets of Tunis first and then Cairo. The essentially leaderless protests in Tunisia and Egypt were afforded by the breakdown in government- ­controlled national opinion, made...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 34–51.
Published: 01 September 2012
... who had been in power since 1987. The largely peaceful pro- tests in Tunis turned violent following the death of Bouazizi, resulting in the prompt exit of Ben Ali. Using social media outlets such as Facebook and Twitter, Tunisian protesters communicated their rage and intentions not only...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (2): 5–38.
Published: 01 June 2013
... modest attention. Demonstrations in these countries were generally small, protesters demanded reform not revolution, governments reacted to events with a measure of flexibility, and security forces typically avoided dispropor- tionate retaliation. These generalizations, however, hide a far more...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (4): 1–23.
Published: 01 December 2012
... and impact of its Jasmine Revolution. The essay has four parts. In the first part, political and economic conditions within the country are examined to clarify why young people rebelled against a long-­time dictator. The events that turned an individual protest over unemployment and police abuses...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 45–63.
Published: 01 December 2014
... of unrest are deeply rooted in a long history of foreign intervention, political repres- sion, corruption, economic discrimination, and social marginalization. For the elites and the people in the streets, the events were nothing less than a revolution. In early 2011 the protesters were for the most...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (1): 94–118.
Published: 01 March 2009
... popularity dip and his authority chal- lenged at a time when he was about to launch his re-election campaign. During this period, he made some decisions that stirred up popular resent- ment over military rule and led many Pakistanis to join street protests, which called for ousting Musharraf...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 8–19.
Published: 01 December 2011
... for decades. The protests reflect a combination of grievances over unpromising economic circumstances and a lack of established political channels for pressing those grievances. Arab economies have been constrained by the heavy hand of the state and have exhibited disappointingly slow growth. This has...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (4): 43–67.
Published: 01 December 2013
.... As a result, these policies manifested in increasing social protests and strikes, ultimately leading to the fall of four long-standing dictators and political tur- moil and uncertainty in the region. Arab governments in general, and Egypt and Tunisia, in particular, are not addressing the factors...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (3): 42–52.
Published: 01 September 2011
.... Autocrats no longer fell easily to protesting Arab youths, as occurred in Tuni- sia and Egypt. Violent suppression met widening protests and calls for politi- cal and economic reform. And the United States and other Western democ- racies appeared unprepared to respond with coherent strategies...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 52–62.
Published: 01 September 2012
... Elections Committee. The hard-­line Salafist al Nour “Party of Light,” came in second with 29 percent of the seats. The liberal New Wafd and the Egyptian bloc coalition came third and fourth, respectively. The youth groups that staged the initial protests that toppled Mubarak attracted less than...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (4): 24–42.
Published: 01 December 2012
... mobilized around Islamic fundamentalists and radical leftists who advocated for overthrowing the regime by force. Iranian youth were in turn denied the opportunity to gain experience in constitutionalism.16 The protests that begin in 1978 spread like a wildfire, and soon enough the shah saw his power...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 82–98.
Published: 01 March 2017
...- ularized civil society, and socialist economic policies alienated the devout Sunni urban bourgeoisie and landed gentry. Muslim Brotherhood militants organized protests against the military’s seizure of power and its policies. The Baathists responded by banning Muslim Brotherhood membership, turn...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 13–36.
Published: 01 December 2015
..., www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/shabab-­ al-­ ­tawhid-­the -rebranding-­ of-­ ansar-­ al-­ sharia-­ in-­ tunisia.­ 55. Brinton, 203. Gandolfo: From Authoritarian to Free State  27 and Internet censorship.56 The protests brought ten thousand demonstrators to the streets...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 109–113.
Published: 01 March 2002
... in Wehrmacht atrocities, only that he transmitted intelligence reports. Yet the commission was ambiguous, noting his “proximity” to incriminating actions and remarking that he never “protested” such actions. Several more independent efforts to clarify the wartime record followed, including a mock trial...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 113–117.
Published: 01 March 2002
... began, found no evidence that Waldheim was involved in Wehrmacht atrocities, only that he transmitted intelligence reports. Yet the commission was ambiguous, noting his “proximity” to incriminating actions and remarking that he never “protested” such actions. Several more independent efforts...