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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (2): 99–121.
Published: 01 June 2008
... the European Union Emrullah Uslu The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) is the largest Kurdish opposition group in Turkey, serving as an umbrella for a myriad of organizations. The PKK includes the following basic components: 1.  Organizations •  an armed militia group...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (1): 33–41.
Published: 01 March 2008
... and self-confident enough to serve as a bulwark against Iranian expansion. For Turkey, it would mean a Baghdad government capable of eliminating the Marxist terrorist group the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has bases and safe havens in the north of the country. A strong central government...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (4): 17–35.
Published: 01 December 2007
... Workers Party (PKK) guerrillas ensconced in the Kandil Mountains of northern Iraq. The essay concludes that the landslide victory of the AKP allows the government to once again focus its efforts on gaining admittance to the EU and the necessary reforms to achieve that status. The fact that DTP candidates...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (4): 77–89.
Published: 01 December 2005
... purpose ever since. Its two main challenges are the Kurdish insurgency led by the Kurdistan Com- munist Party (PKK) and the antimodern and antisecular reaction of large numbers of Muslims, led politically by the Welfare Party (Refah Partisi).10 The current crises—a civil war with the PKK...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (4): 131–148.
Published: 01 December 2007
... project or otherwise. Having said that, Turkey.s own domestic shortcomings, like the Kurdish/PKK issue, the ambivilance toward the implementation of secularism in the country, its recently marked vicissitudes in its relations with the EU and the US, the unfavorable regional circumstances...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 48–72.
Published: 01 March 2006
... rejection of the 1 March 2003 resolution virtually ensured that there would be no US, KDP, PUK, CPA, or Iraqi Interim Government (IIG) attack on the two thousand to four thousand PKK/Kongra-Gel forces, which Ankara consid- ered terrorists, still holed up in the Kandil Mountain region of northeastern...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 99–116.
Published: 01 March 2017
..., success in the midst of a vicious sectarian civil war. Syrian Civil War Turkey ISIS PYD Assad Obama Doctrine PKK Copyright 2017 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2017 Spyridon Plakoudas is a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Macedonia. He previously taught at Panteion...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (4): 22–31.
Published: 01 December 2009
... to be uneasy. The Turkish military has waged a war for some two-and-a-half decades against Kurdish secessionists, led by the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Fighting flared during 2007, with PKK fighters striking targets inside Turkey and then tak- ing refuge across the border in Iraqi Kurdistan...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (4): 83–97.
Published: 01 December 2009
... are flabbergasted to learn that many of the unidentified killings, bombings, and attacks of the past were carried out by the deep state.2 Some of the brutal murders and massacres that were announced to be the work of the Kurdish separatist group the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) for the past thirty years...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 138–141.
Published: 01 June 2009
... nature. The main force was the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). This time the underlying cause of the events was the desire of the PKK to establish a communistic form of government in Turkey. Even though the membership of the PKK was mostly Kurdish, there the reaction of the government...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 141–144.
Published: 01 June 2009
... nature. The main force was the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). This time the underlying cause of the events was the desire of the PKK to establish a communistic form of government in Turkey. Even though the membership of the PKK was mostly Kurdish, there the reaction of the government...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (4): 13–45.
Published: 01 December 2006
... did these things, it was clear there would be no US, KDP, PUK, or Iraqi government attacks or attempts to dis- band the PKK (Partiya Kakeren Kurdiasan)/Kongra-Gel forces remaining in 33. Ibid. Zoellick, as a former US trade representative, was deeply familiar with the Turkish econ- omy. He...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (3): 8–30.
Published: 01 September 2001
... likened the policy by the Turkish military to eradicate the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), a radical militant Kurdish opposition guer- rilla group, to the Israeli military war with the Islamic Hezbollah guerrilla groups in then Israeli-occupied southern Lebanon...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (4): 60–90.
Published: 01 December 2006
... by the Kurdistan Worker’s Party (PKK), a paramilitary terrorist organization, Turkey has consistently argued that Syria is the PKK’s major backer. Turkey further claims that Syria supports the PKK as a surreptitious way to destabi- lize Turkey. While Turkey has pledged to resolve its “Kurdish problem...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
... State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) from 11 June to 20 September 2014. Turkey’s border with Syria is under the control of ISIS and militias affiliated with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Due to the ISIS threat, Turkey has evacuated its soldiers guarding the Suleyman Shah tomb, which...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (4): 27–37.
Published: 01 December 2010
... problem was not a minor issue for Turkey. Although about 20 percent of the Kurdish population in the Middle East resides in Iraq, fully 50 percent is in southeastern Turkey, where a low-­level insurgency by the Marxist Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) remains stubbornly persistent. Both civilian...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 114–117.
Published: 01 March 2011
... of some of the Kurdish tribal leaders to the western part of the country — ­to minimize their influence on their traditional followers. The more recent “troubles” were, Heper says, of a different nature. This time the underlying cause of the events was the desire of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 117–120.
Published: 01 March 2011
... leaders to the western part of the country — ­to minimize their influence on their traditional followers. The more recent “troubles” were, Heper says, of a different nature. This time the underlying cause of the events was the desire of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) to establish a communistic...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 99–114.
Published: 01 September 2008
.... The Turk- 106  Mediterranean Quarterly: Summer 2008 ish government accuses the Kurdish Workers’ Party, or PKK, of using north- ern Iraq as a base from which to launch terrorist attacks inside Turkey. In this, Turkey has been relying largely on intelligence and weapons provided by Washington...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 March 2013
... that Damascus has retaliated for Ankara’s backing of the Free Syrian Army by reviving Syrian support for Kurdish reb- els, the Marxist Kurdish Workers Party (PKK), in Turkey. The PKK certainly has become more active since the Syrian civil war began. Syria’s own Kurds may pose a dilemma for Ankara as well...