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multipolarity

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (1): 94–116.
Published: 01 March 2005
...Norman Bowen Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2005 Norman Bowen is associate professor of political science at the California State University-Hayward and director of the university's International Studies Program. Multilateralism, Multipolarity, and Regionalism: The French...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (4): 27–37.
Published: 01 December 2010
... and foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute, Washington, DC. Estrangement: The United States and Turkey in a Multipolar Era Ted Galen Carpenter The growing chill in the relationship between Turkey and the United States reached the point...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (4): 1–16.
Published: 01 December 2007
... multipolarity and independent European Union military capacity while opposing a global role for NATO. He called for protection against the negative impacts of globalization and promoted EU.wide industrial .champions.. He opposed Turkey.s entry into the EU on cultural and antiterrorist grounds. Instead, he...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (4): 53–86.
Published: 01 December 2007
... of an antiballistic missile defense shield. Rather, the key to US hegemony is the establishment of a multipolar American.led international system. Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2007 Pax Americana or Multilateralism? Reflecting on the United States’ Grand Strategic Vision of Hegemony...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 119–122.
Published: 01 March 2013
... does not always recommend the soft-­line approach of ideologi- cal exportation. Hypothesis 3B defines the optimal conditions for ideological exporta- tion: (1) a state is led by moderates and/or (2) the ideological system is multipolar. A hard-­line foreign policy, which may include embargoes...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 123–126.
Published: 01 March 2013
.... Hypothesis 3B defines the optimal conditions for ideological exporta- tion: (1) a state is led by moderates and/or (2) the ideological system is multipolar. A hard-­line foreign policy, which may include embargoes, strong verbal attacks, or even war, is most effective when (1) ideological conservatives...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (4): 32–52.
Published: 01 December 2017
... Western pow- ers, such as the European Union, were unable to create a balance. As far as the EU was concerned, its early ambitions to craft an independent path in an emerging multipolar world proved unrealistic, as initial efforts to create a common defense, security, and foreign policy were...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 52–73.
Published: 01 September 2014
... renders the state vital for NATO. Yet, in a multipolar international system, geography is simply not sufficient for establishing a smart strategy.35 Multipolarity boosts interstate antagonism among the international heavyweights — China, Rus- sia, and the United States — as well as qualitative...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 85–104.
Published: 01 June 2014
... multipolarity and will create a significant sphere of influence for China, India, and the Islamic world. Panarin asserts that Russia’s attempts to attach itself to Western civilization have ended in failure and views the very communism that underlay the USSR as being a product of Western civilization...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (2): 83–102.
Published: 01 June 2004
... Boris Yeltsin was elected to his second presidential term, Moscow attempted to create a model for a multipolar world, making advances toward India, China, and a number of smaller countries such as Serbia and even Iraq and Iran. After coming to power, president Putin proclaimed, “Russia 4...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 1–5.
Published: 01 June 2014
... Charles Krauthammer famously called this the “unipolar” moment. In 2014, twenty-­five years later, however, Kennedy’s assessment may appear closer to reality. We are seeing an increasingly multipolar world, but with some of the same agents of international change still in place...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 122–125.
Published: 01 March 2016
...- tionably has primacy in that game. The middle level represents economic power among states, where there is multipolarity, especially since the global financial crisis of 2008. On Nye’s lower level is “the realm of transnational relations [where] power is widely diffused and it makes no sense to speak...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (4): 23–39.
Published: 01 December 2000
... December 1997.) It discusses a world outlook that begins with the per- ceived existence of two contradictory trends. The first proclaims Russia’s avowed intention to mold an ideological foun- dation for a multipolar world with countries that share the same outlook...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 5–21.
Published: 01 March 2016
... a reversion to historical anteced- ents, including during the Cold War, wherein global powers jockeyed with one another for influence among regional partners and clients.21 A multipolar Mediterranean is therefore in the offing, with China and Russia both set to join the United States as distant...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 78–85.
Published: 01 September 2003
... subsequent emergence as the sole superpower. As early as 1990, Jacques Chirac, then mayor of Paris, suggested to close associates, including his foreign policy advisor Pierre Lellouch, that France should strive to have Europe be a counterweight in a multipolar world. He also noted that any community...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 1–10.
Published: 01 June 2009
... such a balance. NATO cannot be called a temporary phenomenon, because it is already sixty years old. It has a lot of experience: the Cold War, three Balkan crises, and the post – 11 September security environment. A multipolar world requires stability more than ever, and nothing can con- tribute more...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 61–84.
Published: 01 June 2014
... 15. Andrei Zagorski, “The Limits of a Global Consensus on Security: The Case of Russia,” in Luis Peral, ed., Global Security in a Multipolar World, Chaillot Paper 118 (Paris: European Union Insti- tute for Security Studies, 2009), 79 – 80. 16. Mark Entin, “Imperatives of Constructing a New...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 1–12.
Published: 01 December 2015
... and the EU are clear, especially with respect to Russia’s military operations in 2015 against Syrian rebels in support of the Assad regime, but some argue that Putin is bent on hastening the coming of a multipolar world, where the United States is finally knocked off its unipolar pedestal...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (1): 115–120.
Published: 01 March 2001
...; and the predominance of U.S. multinational firms in foreign direct investment flows has declined. It is indisputable, therefore, that the character and structure of world politics has changed and that there now exists a fluid international system with a multipolar...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (1): 120–121.
Published: 01 March 2001
.... It is indisputable, therefore, that the character and structure of world politics has changed and that there now exists a fluid international system with a multipolar configuration. The introductory chapter of the book delineates the main trends and approaches...