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libya

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2011) 22 (3): 42–52.
Published: 01 September 2011
...William Lewis Libya emerged under United Nations auspices as a stillborn, failed state dependent on Western subventions. The civil war in which it is embroiled in 2011 confirms its manifold failures, now attributable to Colonel Muammar Qadaffi. The West is ill-positioned to reengage in nation...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2016) 27 (4): 21–41.
Published: 01 December 2016
... parliamentarians have been active in foreign policy. First, they used the new concept of “responsibility to protect” (R2P) in 2011 over Libya. Then, in the case of Syria, their main focus was on reacting to the 2013 use of chemical weapons by the Bashar al-Assad regime. Later still, after several Daesh terrorist...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2018) 29 (4): 19–31.
Published: 01 December 2018
...Ted Galen Carpenter When the United States and its NATO allies helped insurgents overthrow Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the belief was that the intervention prevented a humanitarian catastrophe and that a post-Gaddafi Libya would be stable and democratic. Instead, Libya became a...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2000) 11 (1): 111–135.
Published: 01 March 2000
...F. Ugboaja Ohaegbulam Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2000 F. Ugboaja Ohaegbulam is professor of government and international affairs,University of South Florida, Tampa. MQ 11.1-08 Ohae 1/19/00 1:16 PM Page 111 U.S. Measures against Libya since the Explosion...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2009) 20 (3): 77–94.
Published: 01 September 2009
.... Yet they have claimed one clear success: Libya's decision to renounce WMD in late 2003. The Bush administration believed that this decision was based largely on fears of US military action. This essay, in contrast, argues that other factors were crucial, notably the impact of years of economic...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2011) 22 (4): 36–45.
Published: 01 December 2011
... autocracies and dictatorships across the Arab world, reaching to the Arab and Persian Gulfs. The awakening has been enervated by violent responses from more cohesive and profound dictatorships in Syria and Libya, but the “leaderless” model of the awakening can quickly bring together disparate groups working...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2015) 26 (2): 42–62.
Published: 01 June 2015
... Lebanon, 125 miles northwest of Israel, 240 miles north of Egypt, 250 miles east of the Greek island of Rhodes, and 500 miles from the mainland of Greece. Malta is located about 50 miles south of the Italian island of Sicily, 180 miles east of Tunisia, and 200 miles north of Libya. Both countries...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2017) 28 (3): 68–92.
Published: 01 September 2017
... context of Sunni Islam’s influence. Second, the essay describes and analyzes forms, examples, goals, and motives of terrorist attacks on the energy sector and the accompanying criminal activities conducted by the IS in selected MENA countries — mainly Egypt, Iraq, Libya, and Syria. On the...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2016) 27 (4): 2–20.
Published: 01 December 2016
...): 151 – 6. 7. Housam Darwisheh, “Trajectories and Outcomes of the ‘Arab Spring’: Comparing Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Syria” (Institute of Developing Economies Discussion Paper no. 456, Chiba, Japan, March 2014), www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Download/Dp/pdf/456.pdf. 8. Or at least one of them, as...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2012) 23 (3): 34–51.
Published: 01 September 2012
... each other but with the larger Arab world.2 The Arab Spring spread across North Africa (Egypt, Libya, and Morocco), Arabia (Yemen and Bah- rain), and the Levant (Jordan and Syria) with unanticipated rapidity, ulti- mately toppling governments not only in Tunisia but also in Egypt, Libya, and...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2011) 22 (4): 20–35.
Published: 01 December 2011
... book was published first in Paris in 2004 and then in English in London and New York, under the title Being Arab, in 2006. To what extent the book has influ- enced events in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and beyond cannot be known, but to develop a relevant foreign policy for today’s and tomorrow’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2015) 26 (1): 77–96.
Published: 01 March 2015
... respect was exposed in early 2011, when Beijing had to organize the evacuation of around thirty-­six thousand Chinese citizens from Libya. Finally, the conclusions of this essay provide an assessment of the prospects for EU-­Chinese security cooperation in the Mediterranean region. It is argued...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2013) 24 (4): 82–91.
Published: 01 December 2013
... states, and the Arab Spring has turned into a touchstone for cooperation and dialogue about US and Turkish policies toward the Middle East. When the revolution spread to Libya, it became a true test for Turkey to strike a balance between values and interests. Its long-term economic inter- ests...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2006) 17 (2): 7–16.
Published: 01 June 2006
... comments on the Day- ton Accords’ anniversary, the United States, with active embassies in all the countries and an office in Kosovo, will continue to work with its European partners to reassert a strong diplomatic role in the region. Libya Libya remains a country of...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2010) 21 (3): 1–7.
Published: 01 September 2010
... in the reaction of the southern Mediterranean states. Once the Union of the Mediter- ranean became a (Euro-­Med) Union for the Mediterranean, Libya — ­previously a strong supporter of the initiative — ­decided to drop out because it did not endorse the change from the purely Mediterranean...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2001) 12 (2): 83–100.
Published: 01 June 2001
... and Congress do decide to build these systems, they will energize acute controversies around the world, many of which will revolve around the core group of the so-called rogues—Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea—and countries that are accused of...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2012) 23 (2): 95–106.
Published: 01 June 2012
... Bosnia in 1993, 2.  bombing Serbia over Kosovo in 1999, 3.  invading Afghanistan in 2001, 4.  (several alliance members) conquering Iraq in 2003, and 5.  bombing Libya starting in March 2011. For their part, despite deep and abiding differences, Turkey and Greece have followed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2013) 24 (2): 1–4.
Published: 01 June 2013
... All of these sources of competition are being expressed today. In Syria, there is a civil war raging between Bashar al-­Assad’s government forces and Syrian rebels. In Libya, Muammar al-­Gaddafi’s dictatorship of more than four decades has given way to an uncertain future, simmering with animosi...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2011) 22 (3): 1–9.
Published: 01 September 2011
... Moment for America  5 reality is increasingly producing outsiders rather than those who are willing to change the system from the inside — just as was the case from Bahrain and Yemen to Libya. This failure of our traditional political institutions to change from within provides impetus to...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2009) 20 (1): 119–144.
Published: 01 March 2009
... — which until 2001 was one of the main entry gates into the EU — to the Sicily Channel, with Libya becoming the main country of transit. Due to enhanced Italian controls along its Adriatic coast, and increasingly strong cooperation between Italian and Albanian authori- ties, the Adriatic route has...