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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (1): 14–38.
Published: 01 March 2012
... have reached the end of the line in terms of Russian support for the United States regarding Iranian proliferation of nuclear weapons. Though Russia clearly opposes Iranian nuclearization, it does not regard this as nearly as great a threat as does the United States, and the evidence is quite...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 1–13.
Published: 01 December 2008
..., are its roles as a regional hegemon and as a participant in the political development of neighboring Iraq. Iran's policies in Iraq sometimes appear to be directly in conflict with US initiatives. In spite of considerable angry rhetoric, however, any actual evidence for Iranian hostile interaction in Iraq...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (3): 95–108.
Published: 01 September 2011
...Jason E. Strakes Iranian influence and interference in the internal affairs of Iraq have become central US policy concerns since the election of a Shiite-majority political elite in 2005. Yet observers have rarely addressed the strategic pursuit of support from both the US and Iranian governments...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (3): 14–20.
Published: 01 September 2007
... bombing campaign if necessary. Israel has a vital interest in trying to block an Iranian nuclear-weapons capability, although such a program would not be an existential threat to an Israel that has overwhelming nuclear-weap- ons capability itself. This is likely to be the case far into the future...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 16–25.
Published: 01 September 2010
...Philip Giraldi Despite more than thirty years of trying to collect significant information, the United States intelligence community is not well informed on many important questions relating to Iran. Decision-making by the Iranian government as well as its political alignments, capabilities...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (2): 1–10.
Published: 01 June 2011
... is a line that cannot be crossed (and possibly has already Giraldi: No Way Out: Washington’s Iran Policy Options  3 been crossed), while others think that the line is so-­called breakout capabil- ity, meaning that the Iranians would possess all the technical resources as well...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (4): 24–42.
Published: 01 December 2012
...Jonathan M. Kerman; Kathryn L. Wood Iran’s historical flirtation with democracy has been one of thwarted desires. The 1906 Constitutional Revolution introduced the concepts of liberal democracy to Iranian society, but success was limited by the lack of support from the ulama (clergy). After decades...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 23–33.
Published: 01 March 2006
... skills and the wit and wisdom of its leaders. These statesmen did a masterful job of playing one outside power off against another. This technique was especially effective in dealing with the British and the Russians. When the United States entered the Iranian political arena after World War...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 93–113.
Published: 01 March 2011
... as a threat to Israel and to US national security. It is hard to accomplish this agenda when Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has insisted that his country “will never relinquish its right to enrich uranium” or negotiate any limits on its nuclear program.1 President Obama has rejected Bush’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (1): 12–27.
Published: 01 March 2007
... to building weapons. Preventive Air Strikes Proponents of preventive military action typically cite the successful Israeli strike on Iraq’s Osirak reactor in 1981 as a model for derailing the Iranian nuclear program. Some suggest that the United States undertake that mission...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 93–111.
Published: 01 September 2017
...-­Iranian relations have been charac- terized by mutual suspicion and outright hostility. Diplomatic relations have been severed since 1980, and the two nations have had very few economic and cultural interactions. The signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in July 2015, however...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (4): 20–41.
Published: 01 December 2005
... to acquire nuclear weapons, because the same technology used for civilian power generation can produce weapons as well. As a European nuclear expert has remarked, some aspects of the Iranian programs are “highly troubling” because they appear to have gone “well beyond normal civilian activities...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (4): 10–21.
Published: 01 December 2009
... by the Persian government in 1911 to restore some order and fiscal stability. Shuster was quickly sabotaged by Russia and compelled to leave the Iranians to their embroilment with Great Britain, Russia, and Germany, with the first two powers finally finding -com mon cause against Berlin in a prelude...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 49–66.
Published: 01 September 2015
... of their neighbors. Despite some major differences, Iranian and Turkish leaders have exchanged high-­level visits and established the Joint Strategic Relations Council. The first council meeting was held in Ankara in June 2014 and was presided over by Iranian president Hassan Rouhani and the Turkish...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (2): 1–8.
Published: 01 June 2002
... to continue military initiatives against Israel, despite the Israeli withdrawal from its self-declared security zone, and for failing to establish the Lebanese army as the controlling authority in the border area. Hezbollah played a major role in facilitating the January 2002 Iranian arms shipment destined...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (4): 64–86.
Published: 01 December 2017
... as an Iranian proxy force and direct threat. That Israel would be concerned about possible Iranian hege- mony is unsurprising, given the hostile relations between the two nations since the 1979 revolution in Iran. While Turkey and Iran enjoy significant economic ties with one another, they often hold...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
... international strategies. At the state level, Turkey's military and diplomatic capacity was not sufficient to shape the political transformations in Syria and Egypt. At the international level, Turkey could not effectively respond to the challenges of the Iranian-led and Saudi Arabian–led blocs. The former...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 29–53.
Published: 01 December 2008
... Lebanon’s domestic political environment. Syrian and Iranian Influence Syria and Iran gain threatening influence outside their borders through their support of Hezbollah. The connection between the two countries and Hezbol- lah is so great that, following the 2006 war with Israel...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2011
... the fulfilling several psychological aspirations, includ- ing national pride, political independence, and technological superiority. The fact that only Israel is considered a (undeclared) nuclear power in the Middle East has further deepened Arab and Iranian sense of inferiority and vulner- ability...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 119–122.
Published: 01 March 2013
....” In and of itself, the initial claim is underwhelming in its originality, but it clearly strikes at the heart of realists’ belief that the balance of power almost exclusively drives foreign policy. Throughout chapter 2, “Iranian Ideological Factions and International Policies, 1997 – 2009,” Haas explores...