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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (2): 61–77.
Published: 01 June 2010
.... Nevertheless, one thing is abundantly clear: the active participation of the Taliban has aided and abetted opium cultivation on a scale unmatched by anything Afghanistan has seen in the past. Papaver soniferum , or poppy, is the lifeblood of the Taliban insurgency. Once the Taliban's financial arteries linked...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 82–98.
Published: 01 March 2017
... that has weakened the insurgency. Finally, it assesses the role that Russian, Iranian, and Hezbollah intervention has had in bolstering the regime of Bashar al-Assad. Syria's jihadist revolt has limited but important parallels to the failed 1982 Muslim Brotherhood insurrection. Even with the regime's...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (1): 42–62.
Published: 01 March 2008
...Mohamed A. El-Khawas The essay examines Bush's strategies to democratize Iraq. Failure to draft a plan for Iraq's stabilization led to costly mistakes that drove many Sunnis to join insurgent groups, fueling sectarian strife. Holding multiparty elections was a major accomplishment, but it did...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (1): 80–96.
Published: 01 March 2008
...Anthony N. Celso The presence of al Qaeda in the Maghreb (AQIM) may be interpreted as the opening of a new front in the cause of international jihad. However, terrorist activity in North Africa is not new, for the region has been convulsed by past jihadist insurgencies. The essay argues that AQIM...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (4): 19–31.
Published: 01 December 2018
...Ted Galen Carpenter When the United States and its NATO allies helped insurgents overthrow Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the belief was that the intervention prevented a humanitarian catastrophe and that a post-Gaddafi Libya would be stable and democratic. Instead, Libya became...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (4): 46–59.
Published: 01 December 2006
... technology and globalization, itself, make this possible. Second, terrorism as a tactic has been increasingly adopted by the growing number of nationalist insurgents around the world. Terrorism is, therefore, now more strategic in character. There are hundreds of definitions of terrorism. The US...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 1–13.
Published: 01 December 2008
... are not cooperating in the development of a pluralistic democracy in Baghdad. Iran is also allegedly making more difficult the establishment of security inside Iraq through its support of insurgents who are attacking US and multinational troops as well as Iraqi security forces. As always, perspective...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (2): 17–24.
Published: 01 June 2004
... are largely the same as they were after his removal from power in April. In other words, Santa Claus has not been any kinder than the Easter Bunny. To be sure, information gleaned from interrogating Saddam will perhaps help coalition forces better deal with a persistent Iraqi insurgency. But Sad- dam’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 95–112.
Published: 01 June 2009
... and reportedly trained and fought in Afghanistan. In February 2008, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice designated al-Shabaab as a Foreign Terrorist Organization and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist. Security Conditions In 2008, insurgent groups stepped up attacks...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 21–37.
Published: 01 March 2002
... foment insurgencies across the borders into Serbia’s Presevo Valley and Macedonia. The armed rebellion in both areas in the first half of 2001 was the fruit of that U.S.-NATO policy. The United States and NATO have now made a bad situation even worse. By pressuring the Macedonian government...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (1): 32–41.
Published: 01 March 2003
... to feel the pressure of its own communist insurgency, presumably supported from the north. (Similar developments were under way in neighboring Laos and Cambodia.) In both China and Vietnam, these local communist movements, well organized and well led, managed to capture and embody...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (3): 6–19.
Published: 01 September 2013
... to fight the insurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan, with effects across the greater region. Furthermore, the war on terror would realign US relationships with some of the countries of the greater Middle East (in particular, Saudi Arabia and Libya). Today, this grand strategy is being quietly put...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (3): 12–25.
Published: 01 September 2006
..., the so-called insurgents (our view) or resistance (a common Arab view). 4. Occupation policies of raw force have effects that extend well beyond specifically targeted enemies to include the Iraqi population at large as it becomes swept up in the violence we initiated with our invasion...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 30–41.
Published: 01 June 2012
...: Insurgent groups connection to al Qaeda tied to al Qaeda (al Qaeda connected to al Qaeda (al in the Maghreb, al Qaeda Shabaab, al Qaeda in in the Arabian Peninsula) Iraq) Mounting evidence challenges Sageman’s conclusions that London and Madrid...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (2): 21–41.
Published: 01 June 2015
..., and Kurd) added a powerful ethnosectarian dimension to the struggle already under way by Zarqawi’s strategy of inviting interconfes- sional warfare. By 2004 Zarqawi’s network and Iraqi Anbar partners aligned with al Qaeda to mount a fierce insurgent and terror campaign.6 AQI’s videos created...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (2): 8–21.
Published: 01 June 2001
... insurgents, have kept energy security problems at bay. Finally, and more credibly, there was concern about the spillover of ter- rorism and political violence outside Algeria, affecting the security of Europe and North America. Millions of Algerians reside...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (3): 62–86.
Published: 01 September 2000
... rights and the creation of a de facto second-class status for them. In both Kosovo and Kashmir, armed insurgency was financed and armed from across the border by a more or less hostile state. In the case of Kosovo, MQ 11.3-03.Jha 7/20/00 3:07 PM Page 67...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (2): 51–65.
Published: 01 June 2001
..., or through indigenous fac- tions or insurgent groups. The United States responded to Soviet probes in the late 1940s in Greece and Turkey by deploying warships to the eastern Mediterranean. Due to the damage suffered by the British and French fleets...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 99–116.
Published: 01 March 2017
... a separatist insurgency in southeastern and eastern Turkey since 1984.5 The Syrian Kurds at the time were split into three main factions — the Kurdish National Council, the National Coordination Body for Democratic Change, 4. For more information on the political parties of the Syrian Kurds, see...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (3): 109–118.
Published: 01 September 2002
..., and finally catastrophic nuclear war in South Asia.2 The very real danger is being caused by pro-Pakistani insurgents and ter- rorists operating in Kashmir, but it is important to understand that they are deliberately attempting to provoke an escalation while...