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gas and oil

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 96–119.
Published: 01 March 2018
.... The inclusion of the country and its infrastructure in several gas and oil supply projects in the Balkan Peninsula in recent years, however, has enhanced Albania’s significance. Projected outcomes indicate a fairly poor future for the oil sector but a relatively strong potential for future development...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 12–37.
Published: 01 March 2013
...Gawdat Bahgat Egypt holds limited proven oil and gas reserves. Increasingly, these hydrocarbon resources cannot meet the country’s rising energy demand. Consequently, Cairo has turned to nuclear and renewable power. In addition, the Egyptian authorities are under heavy pressure to restrain...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 68–92.
Published: 01 September 2017
... by the IS in selected MENA countries. Terrorist Attacks on the Energy Sector: A Strategic Instrument of the Islamic State in the Middle East and North Africa Lukáš Tichý The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, which contains 60 per- cent of global oil reserves and 40 percent of global natural gas...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (2): 106–124.
Published: 01 June 2017
... percent of its energy consump- tion.15 The EU’s dependence on external oil and gas is estimated at 83.5 percent and 64.2 percent, respectively.16 Furthermore, given the constantly increasing demand for energy among the EU member states, it is estimated that by 2030 the external energy dependence...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (2): 78–89.
Published: 01 June 2010
... bilateral relations between Athens and Moscow. An analysis is presented of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline deal, Greece's participation in the South Stream gas pipeline project, its purchase of Russian tanks, and its more recent strategy of taking a step back from its overall excellent relations...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (1): 93–104.
Published: 01 March 2004
... and currently produces more than 2.7 billion bpd.8 Major 4. “World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves,” International Energy Journal, 1 January 2002, at www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/iea/table81.html. 5. Charles W. Corey, “U.S. Oil Executive Optimistic about Finds in West Africa,” Washington File (U.S...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (3): 56–73.
Published: 01 September 2013
.../europe/savers-will-­ b-­ hit-­ as-­ part-­ of-­ deal-­ to-­ bail-­ out-­ cyprus­ -­a-­889252.html. 64  Mediterranean Quarterly: Summer 2013 Georgiou: Cyprus’s Financial Crisis  65 Cyprus’s natural gas and oil deposits or even...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 77–94.
Published: 01 March 2014
... 2013. 22. Michael Birnbaum, “Cyprus Convicts Hezbollah Operative,” Washington Post, 21 March 2013. 23. Hugh Pope, “Lebanon’s Oil and Gas Riches Will Take Investment,” Daily Star, 23 September 2013. 24. Igor Delanoe, “Cyprus: A Russian Foothold in the Changing Eastern Mediterranean,” GLORIA...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 93–111.
Published: 01 September 2017
... restrain a more aggres- sive US policy and contribute to strong Iranian economic recovery. Still, less tense US-­Iran relations during the Trump administration cannot be ruled out. Iran’s proven oil reserves are the world’s third largest after Saudi Arabia and Canada, while its natural gas...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 22–29.
Published: 01 March 2016
... in no small part due to the rich gas and oil deposits found in the North Sea and the Barents Sea. While the oil and gas discoveries found in the Levant Basin in the eastern Mediterranean could very well prove an economic boon for the broader region, they could bring their own set of political...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (2): 40–47.
Published: 01 June 2006
... strategic area, namely, that of energy security. Tur- key will continue to become an even more important conduit for gas and oil from the Middle East and Central Asia to Europe as competition for energy resources continues to increase with the growing appetite of China and India in the decades...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (3): 39–55.
Published: 01 September 2007
... by both Cameroon and Nigeria, is a swampy, six-hundred-square-mile (one-thousand-square-kilometer) area that juts into the Gulf of Guinea — a region that may contain more than 24 billion barrels of crude oil (about 10 percent of the world’s known oil and gas 2. Peter H. F. Bekker...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 61–85.
Published: 01 September 2010
... provides most of Turkey’s electricity) and one-­fifth of its domestic oil needs. In 2008, Tur- key imported 65 percent (22 billion cubic meters) of its natural gas and 25 percent (8 million tons) of its oil from Russian sources.8 Turkey also pur- chases coal from Russia and is contemplating...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 63–81.
Published: 01 September 2012
... energy depen- dence on imports from Middle East OPEC countries diminished due to the development of North Sea oil and gas, the domestic expansion of nuclear power for electricity in Europe, and the availability of oil and natural gas from Russia and other countries in the former Soviet Union.23...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (4): 13–45.
Published: 01 December 2006
... companies would also be able to invest in international oil and gas companies that operated in Kurdistan-Iraq. In December 2004, Michael Gulbenkian, the grandson of the notorious Calouste Gulbenkian, a late nine- teenth and early twentieth century oil entrepreneur, also known as “5 percent Gulbenkian...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 93–113.
Published: 01 March 2011
... foreign ministers decided to go beyond the latest UN sanctions. Although they allowed the import of gas and oil from Iran, which counts for one-­third of its exports, they agreed to ban the “sale, supply or transfer of key equipment or technology” for refinement, liquefied natural gas, exploration...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 61–84.
Published: 01 June 2014
... provided that the targeted state rejects the EU’s Second and Third Energy Packages, renounces integration with the EU, and does not switch suppliers. Thus, it offers subsidies to exclude political as well as economic competitors. Using the revenues acquired from gas and oil sales abroad, Russia has...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 1–18.
Published: 01 March 2018
... these energy deposits has led to intense interstate competition, which could further destabilize the region. The alliances between states are constantly changing relative to the mode of transit for the hydrocarbons. The existence of natural gas and oil in the Cypriot and Israeli EEZ has changed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 49–66.
Published: 01 September 2015
..., iron and steel products, boilers, electric devices, and tobacco products. Crude oil and natural gas dominate Iranian exports to Turkey.6 Energy is at the heart of this growing Iranian-­Turkish relationship. Iran is a major oil and gas producer and exporter while Turkey lacks these hydrocar- bon...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 38–56.
Published: 01 March 2013
... In an estimate published in March 2010, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) contended that the Levant Basin holds recoverable resources of about 1.7 billion barrels of oil, 122 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas (3.45 trillion cubic meters), and 3.0 billion barrels of natural gas liquids...