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funding jihad

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 September 2017) 28 (3): 68–92.
Published: 01 September 2017
... terrorism funding jihad Terrorist Attacks on the Energy Sector: A Strategic Instrument of the Islamic State in the Middle East and North Africa Lukáš Tichý The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, which contains 60 per- cent of global oil reserves and 40 percent of global natural...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2017) 28 (1): 117–129.
Published: 01 March 2017
... synonymous with the term jihad in Muslim societies. This was not the meaning of the term when it was initially invoked, however. Muhammad Yaseen Gada is pursuing a doctorate at Aligarh Muslim University, India. The author would like to acknowledge funding/fellowship from the University Grants...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2004) 15 (4): 203–218.
Published: 01 December 2004
...Robert S. Leiken Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2004 Robert S. Leiken is director of the Immigration and National Security Program at the Nixon Center and author of Bearers of Global Jihad?Immigration and National Security after 11 September . Europe’s Immigration Problem, and Ours...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2002) 13 (2): 1–8.
Published: 01 June 2002
... varied as Libya and Russia to join an antiterror coalition and assist in waging international war against the proponents and foot soldiers of terrorism. Syria has permitted the Palestinian Islamic Jihad to use Syrian territory for safe haven—and operational planning for terror operations in Israel...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2006) 17 (4): 46–59.
Published: 01 December 2006
.... Of particular importance is the global or transnational aspect of the Islamic movements practicing radical jihadism. This movement derives from a perceived failure of Arab and even Islamic secularism and a perceived threat to the umma (community of Muslims) now perceived in...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2001) 12 (4): v–viii.
Published: 01 December 2001
... they had hijacked into the monumental sym- bols of American power and who saw themselves not as terrorists but as war- riors in the international Islamic “jihad against Jews and Crusaders” called into being by Osama bin Laden in 1998. David Binder is...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2012) 23 (2): 30–41.
Published: 01 June 2012
... a major con- cern. The US invasion of Afghanistan in late 2001 and Pakistani cooperation in the Afghan war succeeded in fragmenting al Qaeda “Central,” degrading its ability to launch mass casualty attacks against the Western “far enemy.” Unable to direct jihad against the West, al Qaeda had...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2017) 28 (1): 99–116.
Published: 01 March 2017
..., ideological, and economic experiment in Syrian Kurdistan. As a typical communist organization, the 14. It should be noted that foreign powers such as Qatar and Turkey indirectly supported the jihad- ists. See David Blair and Richard Spencer, “How Qatar Is Funding the Rise of Islamist Extremists...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2003) 14 (2): 95–109.
Published: 01 June 2003
... coming out of Central Asia traveled north into Russia. Religious-sectarian conflict has centered mainly on the Ferghana Valley and the nations that share the valley’s territory: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. After independence, the region was inundated with Muslim cler- ics, funds, and...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2002) 13 (4): 62–73.
Published: 01 December 2002
... alternately waxed and waned: al Ittihad, al Islah (Reform), and al Tabligh (Conveyers of God’s Work). In 1995, a group called Jihad al Islam, led by Sheikh Abbas bin Omar, emerged in Mogadishu and gave the two main warlords, General Mohamed Farah Aideed and Ali Mahdi, an...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2013) 24 (4): 68–81.
Published: 01 December 2013
... Stalin’s Deportations,” BBC.com, 23 September 2004, news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi /3509933.stm; Svante E. Cornell, “The ‘Afghanization’ of the North Caucasus: Causes and Impli- cations in a Changing Conflict,” in Stephen J. Blank, ed., Russia’s Homegrown Insurgency: Jihad in the North Caucasus (Carlisle...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2007) 18 (2): 12–17.
Published: 01 June 2007
... and a robust multinational force — the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFR) — at its borders. In the framework of cooperation with the United States and the United Nations, the European Union’s role shifted from that of the key payer and major funding source of the past to key...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2009) 20 (2): 95–112.
Published: 01 June 2009
... of the police force, trained by the UN, left the force due to lack of payment. Some donor governments have withheld funds pledged to the TFG due to a lack of transparency and human rights abuses. In-fighting within the TFG, especially between Prime Minister Nur Adde and President Yusuf, also...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 December 2006) 17 (4): 121–141.
Published: 01 December 2006
... campaigns across the globe. Islamist movements include the Muslim Brotherhood of the 1920s, its rad- ical and violent splinter group Egyptian Islamic Jihad, the transnational al Qaeda, and the Lebanese and Palestinian liberation movements of Hezbollah and Hamas. Such an amalgamation suggests a...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2007) 18 (1): 89–112.
Published: 01 March 2007
... funded by the Danish Ministry of Justice, 14 January 2005, at www.jm.dk/image .asp?page=image&objno=73027. 6. “Tales from Eurabia,” Economist, 22 June 2006, at www.economist.com/opinion/displaystory .cfm?story_id=7086222. 92 Mediterranean Quarterly: Winter 2007 mentalist youth groups...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2009) 20 (2): 11–25.
Published: 01 June 2009
... and London. The Spanish Islamic contribu- tion to the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks was invaluable. Moham- mad Atta visited Spain in search of funds, forged identity papers, and logisti- cal support from local cells in Madrid and the southeastern coastal region. Central to the planning...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 June 2010) 21 (2): 61–77.
Published: 01 June 2010
... $160 million.31 Further, through the salam system, the Talibs augment their fund- 26. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 1. 27. Bergen. 28. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 3. 29. Ibid., 9. 30. Paoli, Greenfield, and Reuter, 121 – 2. 31. “UNODC Reveals...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2005) 16 (1): 117–120.
Published: 01 March 2005
... even on the subject of interpreting the bin Laden tape the neocons got it wrong. MEMRI, a translation service funded by Israeli interests, analyzed the bin Laden diatribe as threatening those individual states that would vote for President Bush. The archaic usage in the text, however, does not...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2005) 16 (1): 120–122.
Published: 01 March 2005
... even on the subject of interpreting the bin Laden tape the neocons got it wrong. MEMRI, a translation service funded by Israeli interests, analyzed the bin Laden diatribe as threatening those individual states that would vote for President Bush. The archaic usage in the text, however, does not...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (1 March 2005) 16 (1): 123–124.
Published: 01 March 2005
... even on the subject of interpreting the bin Laden tape the neocons got it wrong. MEMRI, a translation service funded by Israeli interests, analyzed the bin Laden diatribe as threatening those individual states that would vote for President Bush. The archaic usage in the text, however, does not...