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failed states

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 52–73.
Published: 01 September 2014
... the Greek state is forced to undergo holistic austerity. This essay supports the view that Greece is a failing state: it suffers a systemic ailment and declines rapidly but has not yet reached its bottom. It can reemerge as a healthy state, but only if a “grand strategy” is applied. This essay scrutinizes...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (3): 42–52.
Published: 01 September 2011
...William Lewis Libya emerged under United Nations auspices as a stillborn, failed state dependent on Western subventions. The civil war in which it is embroiled in 2011 confirms its manifold failures, now attributable to Colonel Muammar Qadaffi. The West is ill-positioned to reengage in nation...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (4): 87–102.
Published: 01 December 2017
... structures in several Arab countries and to challenges to the regimes in most of them. The nineteen Arab states run the gamut of strong, weak, fail- ing, failed, and collapsed states.5 But these designations, as Robert Rotberg notes, are not terminal. Globally, several countries, such as Lebanon...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (1): 5–13.
Published: 01 March 2012
... Review, which sets the groundwork for future interventions both to prevent states from failing and to rebuild states devastated by war or natural disaster. The ambitious nature of this strategy suggests a new age of American imperialism under which the “responsibility to protect” of the 1990s may become...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
... institution- alized and long-­term decision-­making process instead of a personal and ad hoc approach to conducting foreign policy. State Level of Analysis: Turkish Policy toward Syria and Egypt Turkey’s interest in the MENA region expanded during AKP rule. Yet Turkey failed to play an “order maker...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 77–94.
Published: 01 June 2012
... of Islamist Politics in Somalia, 1992 to 1995: The Creation of the Security Dilemma Ioannis Mantzikos Failed states are tense, deeply conflicted, and dangerous, and warring fac- tions in them often contest for power. In most failed states, government troops battle armed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 34–47.
Published: 01 March 2006
.... They argued that Afghanistan had become a failed state after the Soviet withdrawal, and with the takeover by the Taliban in the mid-1990s the country became a safe haven for al Qaeda. Therefore, to prevent more 11 September disasters, the United States had to make certain that no other Afghanistans...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 82–97.
Published: 01 September 2012
... more intrusive measures. External states and organizations would not be forced to take action of their own to protect those at risk within a failing state. While this was an option, it was meant as a last resort. From Deng’s work, the notion of sovereignty as responsibility took seed, grew...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 95–121.
Published: 01 September 2009
... to international commerce. Several factors have contributed to this phenomenon: among oth- ers, failed states/poor governance, poverty, and flaws in maritime-transport treaties. The causes and effects of piracy are complex. In this essay we ana- lyze only the patterns, character, and nature of piracy along...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 102–115.
Published: 01 March 2006
... the system’s resources but do avoid problems that face those countries mired in a cycle of poverty. It is also a matter of international security: “If left to their own devices, [failed] states can become sanctuaries for terrorist net- works, organized crime, and drug traffickers as well as posing...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (4): 19–26.
Published: 01 December 2010
... situation in Central Asia belongs to a set of challenges for our time that includes failed states, rogue regimes, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, human trafficking, and organized crime, among oth- ers. Though issues have multiplied, the international community has yet to properly...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (1): 11–15.
Published: 01 March 2005
... the scourge of terrorism, however, there are many more challenges and grave problems that affl ict humanity. Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, human traffi cking, organized crime, failing states, environmental catastrophes, social and economic cri- ses, pandemics, large-scale humanitarian...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (2): 5–10.
Published: 01 June 2008
... in Africa. Whereas we are still far from our goal of being the best, our performance is still very encouraging if one considers that only thirteen years ago Rwanda almost ceased to exist and was a failed state. What is even much more encouraging is that, looking at the performance over the past five...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (4): 5–13.
Published: 01 December 2017
... of a national iden- tity that simply does not equate with the reality on the ground in Kosovo. More damagingly, the determination to artificially contrive a facade of 1. Quoted in Aidan Hehir, “How the West Built a Failed State in Kosovo,” National Interest, 31 August 2016, nationalinterest.org...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 139–157.
Published: 01 December 2003
... no longer appear relevant as they fail to cope with the multitude of security challenges that the post–Cold War era has unleashed. State actors who have dominated international relations since the emergence of the Westphalian international system in 1648 again find their positions challenged by a number...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 1–4.
Published: 01 September 2014
..., assistant professor in the theory of international relations at the University of Macedonia, in “The Greek Failing State and Its ‘Smart Power’ Prospects: A Theoretical Approach” highlights some of the well-­known challenges facing Greece but nevertheless takes a somewhat optimistic point of view...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 112–130.
Published: 01 September 2017
... of enforcement have failed. In this context, analyzing subjective interests and capacities of the functionaries of the state such as politicians, bureaucrats, and civil society groups is vital, as state power is activated via this agency. The successful execution of actions is often made possible...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (2): 39–58.
Published: 01 June 2013
... for granted. Adjacent to Sandzak and Kosovo is Montenegro, which voted for inde- pendence from Serbia in 2006, effectively erasing Yugoslavia from the map. It now enjoys being labeled as “moderate risk” in the annual Failed States Index (FSI) of 2012 by the Fund for Peace.52 The FSI categorizes...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (2): 38–46.
Published: 01 June 2004
... of Somalia—that of being a failed state. 8. International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), Military Balance, 1998/1999–2002/2003 (Lon- don: IISS, 2003). 9. World Bank Group, April 2002, available at www.worldbank.org. ...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 99–116.
Published: 01 March 2017
.../11110931 /How-­Qatar-­is-­funding-­the-­rise-­of-­Islamist-­extremists.html; Christina Lin, “Qatar’s Jihad and Mideast Failing States,” Times of Israel, 25 October 2015, blogs.timesofisrael.com/qatars-­jihad -­and-­mideast-­failingstates/. According to claims by the opposition parties...