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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 22–53.
Published: 01 March 2014
...Michalis Attalides This essay attempts to assess the consequences of the so-called Helsinki Strategy since its creation at the Helsinki European Council of December 1999. It analyzes the strategy’s interrelations with other processes involved in developments related to the Cyprus problem. Despite...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 68–87.
Published: 01 September 2008
...Robert Olson Robert Olson is professor of Middle East politics at the University of Kentucky. Copyright 2008 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2008 Turkey’s Relations with the Gulf Cooperation Council from 2003 to 2007: New Paradigms? Robert Olson...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 19–35.
Published: 01 March 2018
...Nuri Yeşilyurt The essay analyzes relations between Turkey and the Gulf Cooperation Council since the early 2000s in order to determine whether it is possible to acknowledge the emergence of a Sunni bloc against the so-called Shiite Crescent in the Middle East. It argues that although positive...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (2): 12–17.
Published: 01 June 2010
...David Binder “Euro-Atlantic” as a political power brand name was employed possibly for the first time in a 1985 speech by Bettino Craxi, then president of the European Council, when he spoke about “Italy's Euro-Atlantic role.” Its political usage was codified in the label Euro-Atlantic Partnership...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 1–7.
Published: 01 September 2010
... of the Mediterranean is depicted as being superior to its successor, the Union for the Mediterranean The aim should have been to establish a council of the Mediterranean along the lines of the Council of the Baltic States. The political architecture of the Mediterranean is composed of a variable geometry...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 77–94.
Published: 01 June 2012
...Ioannis Mantzikos In December 1992, the United Nations Security Council, acting under chapter 7 of its charter, authorized the use of all necessary means to secure the delivery of humanitarian aid to the people of Somalia. In the collapsing landscape of that country, however, the intervention...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (4): 82–91.
Published: 01 December 2013
... attention in the wake of two major diplomatic crises in 2010: a flotilla incident—when the ship the Mavi Marmara , owned by a Turkish nonprofit organization, was boarded by the Israeli military while on the way to Gaza with aid—and Turkey’s “no” vote at the UN Security Council on sanctions against Iran...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 1–18.
Published: 01 September 2009
...—are scarce. Thus the path to economic diversification is especially difficult. While half of the six Gulf Cooperation Council countries enjoy sizable surplus income at present, the other three face immediate requirements for replacing oil income. The various strategies chosen to prepare for a viable economic...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 93–113.
Published: 01 March 2011
... powers' refusal to allow modifications. Obama had further success in June 2010, when the UN Security Council imposed new sanctions on Iran. In addition, the United States and the European Union imposed sanctions of their own. Whatever happens in the future, Iran does not seem ready to give up its nuclear...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 78–85.
Published: 01 September 2003
...-Meir The Bush administration’s decision to wage war against Iraq unilaterally under the cover of the so-called coalition of the willing, that is, without the explicit approval of the United Nations Security Council, has damaged, if not seriously crippled, the very institutions (the UN...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (1): 55–74.
Published: 01 March 2000
... Council. But the world’s leading power, the United States, which had been a prime mover for the creation of the ICC, joined a tiny minority of largely rogue nations in voting against the completed product, which passed by a 120-to-7 margin...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (1): 79–93.
Published: 01 March 2005
... concepts are now at issue. During the Iraq War, the United States has been said to disregard international law regarding the outbreak of hostilities, by not securing an unambiguous Security Council resolution as required by the United Nations Charter. At the same time, since hostilities began...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (1): 111–135.
Published: 01 March 2000
... the World Court was rejected. Meanwhile, between January and April 1992, the three Western governments sought and obtained UN Security Council Resolutions 731 and 748 imposing, effective 15 April 1992, a ban on air travel to and from Libya; a ban on the sale of arms...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 130–148.
Published: 01 September 2004
... to then UN secretary-general Pérez de Cuéllar’s newfound interest in settling the dispute. By 1990, Pérez de Cuéllar had convinced the Security Council that both sides had agreed “in principle” to a settlement proposal based on a plan that the Organization for African Unity (OAU) had been hammering...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (2): 9–26.
Published: 01 June 2002
... F. Staar In July 1991, Russian president Boris N. Yeltsin issued a decree establish- ing a commission that would recommend the structure and duties of the soon to be created Security Council (Soviet Bezopasnosti), to be chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Iurii B. Skokov. The following...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (1): 25–31.
Published: 01 March 2003
... of the most frequent violators of UN Security Council resolutions in the world organization’s history.1 Yet the Department of State has never mustered enough courage even to publicly admonish Ankara for thumbing its nose to international law. Specifically, Turkey has been charged with twenty-three...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (4): 90–105.
Published: 01 December 2001
... with a deteriorating situation, the UN Security Council issued a series of condem- nations and called on international financial institutions and UN member states to provide assistance to neighboring countries in the region to deal with the massive influx of refugees from Sierra Leone...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 2–20.
Published: 01 December 2016
... the Council of Europe, The South Programme II (2015 – 2017): Focus on Democratic Governance (Brussels: Council of Europe, 2015), pjp-­eu.coe.int/en/web/south-­programme2/the -­programme. 6. Paul Balta, “The Mediterranean as a Zone of Conflicts,” Afers Internacionals, no. 37 (1993): 151 – 6. 7. Housam...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (2): 29–40.
Published: 01 June 2000
... Nations Security Council. A draft treaty to create a truly international crim- inal court, one which applied to all states and the latest in a long list of attempts dating back to the 1890s, was indeed put together in Rome in 1998 and had the support of most...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (1): 77–96.
Published: 01 March 2015
... a European defense was made in 1992, when the Council of Ministers of the Western European Union outlined the three so-­called Petersberg tasks, which comprised “humanitarian and rescue tasks,” “peacekeeping tasks,” and “tasks of combat forces in crisis manage- ment, including peacemaking.”3...