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armenia

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (2): 99–114.
Published: 01 June 2015
...Stephen Blank Even as the world focuses on Ukraine, Washington has conspicuously ignored resolute action to resolve existing conflicts in the Caucasus, in particular the so-called frozen conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. Here, Washington has refused to see that Russia...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (2): 12–17.
Published: 01 June 2010
...-flung (and non-Atlantic-riparian) governments of the former Soviet Union—from Armenia to Uzbekistan—but also the six republics of the former Yugoslavia. Russia itself is listed among the partners, although its leaders remain highly suspicious of the NATO parent. Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2010...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 26–46.
Published: 01 September 2010
... a common border with its northern neighbor, Armenia has maintained the closest relationship to Russia, in large part for support in the conflict over Nagorno-­Karabakh, a territory within the international borders of Azerbaijan occupied by Arme- nia during the early 1990s as it was populated...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (3): 72–94.
Published: 01 September 2011
... province of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia). Karabakh is a Turkic name given to the plain between the two rivers by nomads who migrated from Cen- tral Asia in the eleventh century, and it literally means “the black garden,” while Nagorno is a Russian word meaning “highland.” Therefore, Nagorno...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 61–85.
Published: 01 September 2010
.... Despite Ankara’s unease with Moscow’s policies toward Chechnya and ties with Armenia, as well as concern over Russia’s recent military resurgence, which has included talk of a revived Russian military presence in the Black Sea and the eastern Mediterranean, many Turkish leaders no longer believe...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (3): 74–101.
Published: 01 September 2013
... War has been the emergence of new regions in the former communist bloc. While there is no evidence of a “Black Sea identity,” it is clear that the Black Sea is a distinct region.1 It includes the six littoral states (Bulgaria, Geor- gia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine) as well as Armenia...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (1): 61–75.
Published: 01 March 2010
...” during the First World War, and caused the great and tragic defeat which imprisoned the Turks into the land of Anatolia. With Armenia, Turkey has more complicated relations. The tragedy with Armenia in the early twentieth century is acknowledged as double-sided, but caused initially by Armenian...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (1): 22–38.
Published: 01 March 2001
... of Turkey’s secularists, threatened the Ataturkist project of a secular nation state. Abroad, Turkey has had poor relations with almost all its imme- diate neighbors: Greece, Russia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Ataturk’s extremely sensible policies in the 1920s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (2): 106–124.
Published: 01 June 2017
... is the tentative relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia due to the Nagorno-­ Karabakh issue. This issue has the potential to trigger a war between those countries with unpredictable consequences for the energy security of the EU. The breakout of hostilities in March 2014 and in April 2016 between Arme...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 86–108.
Published: 01 March 2002
... of encirclement by Russia, Armenia, and Iran, and to help it find an acceptable solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh problem. This will also help determine the duration of the pro-Western stance of Baku. Armenia, in an effort to come closer to pro-Western countries, has shown some degree of willingness...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (3): 44–66.
Published: 01 September 2005
...), at www.Nato .int/docu/pr/2004/p04-096e.htm; “Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia Included in the European Neighborhood Policy,” 5 July 2004, at www.welcomeeurope.com/news; Ahto Lobjaskas, “Azerbai- jan: EU Keen to Get Involved in Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Process,” Eurasia Insight, 18 May 2004...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 61–84.
Published: 01 June 2014
.... The recent revelations of Russia selling Azerbaijan $1 billion in arma- ments even as it stations troops in, and sells weapons to, Armenia highights the application of this policy toward conflict resolution across Eurasia. Rich- ard Giragosian observes that Russia is clearly exploiting...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 121–124.
Published: 01 March 2011
... Office on 16 November 1916, conceded that Jemal Pasha saved the lives of over one hundred thousand Armenians by shielding them from sufferings and epidemics. The Ottoman commander’s interventions on behalf of the Armenians had earned him the nickname “Pasha of Armenia.”3 And Jemal Pasha, while...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 23–54.
Published: 01 September 2008
.... In addition, every observer of these conflicts agrees that their continuation is a major obstacle to regional integration among any or all of the littoral states and to subregional integra- tion, for example among the Transcaucasian states of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.1 On a larger scale...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (2): 1–6.
Published: 01 June 2006
... while it keeps an occupation army in Cyprus, refuses to recognize the borders of modern Armenia, and rou- tinely violates the air space of Greece. This behavior is hardly indicative of a desire to join Europe. Finally, let me add that Ankara’s paid lobbyists in Washington will do a great favor...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 58–81.
Published: 01 March 2017
... in the former Soviet Union and had specific disagree- ments with Russia on such issues as the Azerbaijan-­Armenia conflict over Nagorno-­Karabakh, Bosnia, and the Kurds.20 In 2013, Turkey’s trade with Ukraine accounted for $6.7 billion, while that with Russia was about $20 billion.21 However, that same...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2005) 16 (3): 67–85.
Published: 01 September 2005
... Christian Armenia and Georgia and Muslim Azerbaijan.6 Greater Europe will inevitably fold into the geographies of North Africa and the Middle East as well. Moreover, with the release of the euro currency in 2002 and the struggle to create a valid Euro- pean constitution in 2004, we...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (4): 62–79.
Published: 01 December 2001
... Afras 10/16/01 1:07 PM Page 78 78 Mediterranean Quarterly: Fall 2001 gencies, attempted coups, interstate conflict (such as between Afghanistan and Tajikistan and between Azerbaijan and Armenia), and geopolitical com- petition...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (2): 40–47.
Published: 01 June 2006
... the expectations of other EU aspirants, such as Moldova, Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. While the EU should declare that all six countries are eligible for future membership, it must also emphasize that accession is unlikely to take place before 2020. The evolving relationship...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (1): 69–76.
Published: 01 March 2009
... University of Cairo continues to have broad influence in the educational and social spheres. Moreover, Ameri- can universities are playing a key role in educational innovation in countries like Afghanistan, Armenia, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United Arab Emirates. In the Balkans...