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Saudi Arabia

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 89–109.
Published: 01 December 2015
... conservative states, Iraq and Saudi Arabia, played prominent roles in the implementation of the Eisenhower Doctrine, yet while US policymakers were eager to mold King Saud bin Abdulaziz al-Saud into a regional leader, they were decidedly ambivalent toward the ambitions of the Hashemite regime in Iraq...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2011
...Gawdat Bahgat Since the early 2000s Iran's nuclear program has been a major focus of international and regional policy. Many policy makers and scholars have expressed their concern that if Iran “goes nuclear” other Middle Eastern countries, particularly Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey, will follow...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 27–39.
Published: 01 September 2014
...Gawdat Bahgat; Robert Sharp For decades the United States has forged close relations with a number of key allies in the Arab world, particularly Egypt and Saudi Arabia. These close ties were based largely on perceived national interest, not mutual values. The fundamental changes in the Arab world...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 24–37.
Published: 01 September 2004
... state and a major oil-consuming state to an all time low. A common perception of Saudi Arabia heard in the United States is that it is a corrupt, absolute mon- archy that supports terrorism and provides fi nancial aid to terrorist organiza- tions, denies its people basic democratic freedoms and human...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 19–35.
Published: 01 March 2018
... is complicated. This essay aims to shed some light on the dynamics of relations among the major Sunni powers in the Middle East. It focuses on relations between Turkey and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). After...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 25–33.
Published: 01 September 2003
... and Arabian Peninsula, with special attention to Saudi Arabia, where regime problems have been linked to the struggle between the United States and Iraq after the latter’s invasion and occupation of Kuwait in August 1990. Outside the main gate of the Saudi National Guard officers academy in Riyadh stand...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 42–55.
Published: 01 December 2003
.... From this beginning the relationship became mutually ben- eficial but never truly warm or understanding in either direction. We knew that Saudi Arabia, with its small population, was a weak reed militarily, but we counted on the combination of the wealth of the Saudis and their prestige in being...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (2): 5–38.
Published: 01 June 2013
... literature.1 The Arab world’s eight monarchies — Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) —  with the notable exception of the first, a tiny island kingdom off the coast of Saudi Arabia, have evaded the brunt of the upheaval and received relatively...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
..., and Secularism in Turkey . Copyright 2015 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2015 Turkish foreign policy Arab Spring Erdogan Iran Saudi Arabia Turkey’s Failed Policy toward the Arab Spring: Three Levels of Analysis Ahmet T. Kuru In the Turkish parliamentary elections of 12 June 2011...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 1–18.
Published: 01 September 2009
... and development. Almost inevi- tably, this has meant that state-managed diversification efforts and develop- ment activities are slow, inefficient, and biased in one way or another. Apart from Saudi Arabia, all the GCC populations are small (see table 1). There are considerable expatriate communities...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 68–87.
Published: 01 September 2008
... In this essay I seek to document and analyze the relations between Turkey and the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) —  Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Uman — during the period from 2003 to 2007. I focus especially on their increased trade, economic...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 12–24.
Published: 01 September 2003
... interests. Others, who had written extensive op-ed pieces arguing that the defeat of Iraq would teach Saudi Arabia a lesson, reduce our dependence on Saudi oil, and lower oil prices worldwide, have muted their opinions. Some had even argued that defeating Iraq and opening its hydrocarbon resources...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 116–132.
Published: 01 March 2006
... freer than their counterparts in Saudi Arabia. In trying to prevent the Islamist takeover of the country, the military intervention pushed back democracy in Algeria. 120 Mediterranean Quarterly: Winter 2006 For long the republic regimes like Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Libya had sup- pressed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (3): 12–25.
Published: 01 September 2006
... For- eign Relations Committee, Secretary of State Condelezza Rice revealed this deficiency, seemingly without any awareness that it was even a problem for the second Bush administration: she complained about the unwillingness of Saudi Arabia and other Sunni Arab countries to encourage Iraqi Sunnis...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 March 2013
... among Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey and the ancient bitter rivalry between the Sunni and Shiite factions of Islam. Unfortunately, the United States and its European allies seem only dimly aware of those dynamics and the dan- gers they pose. Historians have remarked that the Spanish civil war...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (2): 1–8.
Published: 01 June 2002
... groups that are killing Americans. Notwithstanding the lack of credible information that Iraq is a current threat to America, or has either the capability or intention of posing a renewed threat to Kuwait or Saudi Arabia, there is a steady drumbeat in Washington to broaden an already ambitious...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 36–45.
Published: 01 December 2011
... possible through a global technology avail- able to almost anyone. It may have been first initiated by the innovation of satellite Arab language television that broke through state domestic control of television news. Al Jazeera’s ability to be carried in Saudi Arabia with access to news events...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 130–132.
Published: 01 June 2003
... here is to dis- cuss the major events that had a profound impact on bin Laden’s politicization and pro- pelled him onto the world scene. First, his involvement in the fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s, which had the backing of Saudi Arabia and the United States, brought him...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 132–137.
Published: 01 June 2003
... politicization and pro- pelled him onto the world scene. First, his involvement in the fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s, which had the backing of Saudi Arabia and the United States, brought him in touch with other Muslims who were committed to the cause of Islam. Second, his attempt...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 137–140.
Published: 01 June 2003
... here is to dis- cuss the major events that had a profound impact on bin Laden’s politicization and pro- pelled him onto the world scene. First, his involvement in the fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s, which had the backing of Saudi Arabia and the United States, brought him...