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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (3): 6–37.
Published: 01 September 2016
... serve and the resulting implications. George C. Georgiou is professor of economics at Towson University, Maryland. Copyright 2016 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2016 free trade nation-states colonialism imperialism multinational corporations neomercantilism OPEC global commons...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 99–114.
Published: 01 September 2008
... were far more dependent on Middle Eastern oil than was the US economy. In fact, when OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) increased the oil price fourfold in the wake of the Yom Kippur war of October 1973, West- ern European states and Japan were the countries that felt the heat...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 42–55.
Published: 01 December 2003
... more than fifty years we have paid close attention to the area because of our dependence on it for oil. We have felt the economic sting of artificially inflated oil prices engineered by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). We knew, how- ever, that there were limits to the threat...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 27–44.
Published: 01 December 2014
... Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) took aim at the energy vulnerabilities of the EC and Japan, hoping to transform American allies into proxies for pro-­Arab influence in Washington.6 The tac- tic proved effective against Japan, the Netherlands, and other US allies. How- ever, it...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2011
...  35 bia and Iran are the largest and second-­largest oil producers in the Organiza- tion of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), respectively. The two nations, along with Iraq, Kuwait, and Venezuela, created OPEC in 1960 to defend their interests as major oil-­producing countries. Since then...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 12–24.
Published: 01 September 2003
... regime and perhaps even the existence of the Kuwaiti state more than Saddam ever did. Kuwait’s fear of Iraqi irredentism is fully justified. The new Iraqi regime will have no incentive to renounce that irredentism and, in fact, might cultivate it in order to gain domestic legitimacy. Like other OPEC...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (1): 93–104.
Published: 01 March 2004
... United States. Production levels are projected to reach 2 million bpd by 2008. Angola is the most suc- cessful non-OPEC member in the world in terms of exploration. Its reserves increased fourfold in the 1990s.11 In 2002, oil production was more than 900,000 bpd. Major oil companies include Chevron...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 12–37.
Published: 01 March 2013
... Africa and Europe: Energy Partnership,” OPEC Energy Review 33, no. 3 (2009): 155 – 69. 3. British Petroleum (BP), BP Statistical Review of World Energy (London: BP, 2011), 8. 4. US Energy Information Administration (USEIA), “Country Analysis Briefs: Egypt,” www.eia.gov /countries/country-­data.cfm...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 77–94.
Published: 01 September 2009
... of oil as a political weapon — for example, in the 1973 OPEC oil embargo. In 1972 the United States withdrew its ambassador from Libya. In 1979 the remaining embassy staff was withdrawn after a mob attacked and burned the embassy. In the interim, bilateral relations continued their downward...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 86–108.
Published: 01 March 2002
... per barrel. 14. Christian Science Monitor, 18 January 2000; Fortnight in Review, 21 January 2000. 15. Among the factors that precipitated the sharp decline in crude oil prices were OPEC’s decision to increase oil production ceilings, the reemergence of Iraqi oil, the Asian currency crisis, and...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (4): 71–82.
Published: 01 December 2009
... in the leaders of OPEC and in other places where an “anticolonial modernity” reigns?6 6. The notion of anticolonial modernity, created to avoid “the binary trap” of “tradition versus modernity,” is the core of an extraordinary book by Hamid Dabashi of Columbia University, Iran: 78...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (2): 45–56.
Published: 01 June 2011
... OPEC! No doubt, such talk is exaggerated. There are indeed indications that some oil deposits, and most probably considerable quantities of natural gas, do lie in the seabed in areas to the south, east and west of Cyprus. Foreign companies, including Noble Energy and Shell, have...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 49–66.
Published: 01 September 2015
... neighbors in the Middle East. Iran also is a founding member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (better known by its acronym, OPEC) and the Gas Exporting Countries Forum. It controls one side of the strategic Strait of Hormuz, the mouth of the Persian Gulf; Oman is located on...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 89–109.
Published: 01 December 2015
.... Nathan J. Citino, From Arab Nationalism to OPEC: Eisenhower, King Sa-­ud, and the Making of US-Saudi­ Relations (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002), 119–21. 4. FRUS 1955–57 v12, 340, “Conference with President,” 21 November 1956. Brew: “Our Most Dependable...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 93–111.
Published: 01 September 2017
... trying to strike a balance between various competing power centers at home, while offering incentives to international oil companies. Second, compared with other producers from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Iran is in a relatively better position to endure low oil...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 63–81.
Published: 01 September 2012
... the East-­West conflict during the Cold War period but also in its extensive energy resources. The EU’s energy depen- dence on imports from Middle East OPEC countries diminished due to the development of North Sea oil and gas, the domestic expansion of nuclear power for electricity in Europe...