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NATO Maastricht Treaty

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 56–67.
Published: 01 September 2017
... cannot survive outside of the wider Western context but must thrive as a cornerstone of the West. Europe Euro Army transatlanticism EU military EU army NATO Maastricht Treaty Copyright 2017 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2017 Spyridon N. Litsas is associate professor...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (1): 17–38.
Published: 01 March 2004
... were subsequently added in 1957. These were fused and formalized into the EU in the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992. 3. Two other factors have played key roles: first, the EU’s reliance on the North Atlantic Treaty Orga- nization to provide for the common defense against a single external threat...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (4): 106–119.
Published: 01 December 2001
..., the aborted European Defense Community (1952–54), the stalled Fouchet Plan (1961–62), and the Maastricht Treaty (1992), which contains the provision for a European common foreign and security policy (CFSP), all never lived up to lofty expectations...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (3): 94–108.
Published: 01 September 2002
... to be integrated further and ever more irrevocably. The Maastricht Treaty, for- mer president Richard von Weizsäcker wrote, had delivered Germany from the Mittellage37—Europe as a deus ex machina to deliver Germany from itself? The alternative to a single European...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (4): 14–31.
Published: 01 December 2017
...Danijela Dudley Parallel expansions of the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in recent decades have blurred the lines between membership in the two organizations and the conditionalities attached to each. While both organizations have seemed successful in attracting...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (4): 98–116.
Published: 01 December 2000
... as fears diminished, even though relations between the two countries remained frosty. In spring 1999 came the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, which consider- ably dampened tourist prospects. The French and Italian governments advised their citizens...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (2): 22–42.
Published: 01 June 2001
... War. To many observers, the two pillars of the transatlantic partnership, NATO and the EU, appeared on a collision course over security and foreign policy questions that, ultimately, could unhinge the ties that had so labori- ously been fashioned...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 68–80.
Published: 01 December 2008
... There essentially are incompatible orbits of the Western European zone of peace and the south- eastern European zone of turmoil. Western Europe’s post – Second World War course to economic and political integration, accelerated during the early 1990s with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty, may be heavily...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (1): 52–74.
Published: 01 March 2007
..., the promotion of democracy and protection of human rights and the rule of law in Europe. In 1952 Turkey joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- tion even as it shared borders with the Soviet Union, and thus was a criti- cal ally of the West during the Cold War. Soon after joining NATO Turkey began...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (1): 42–66.
Published: 01 March 2003
... relations between the two countries cannot be sustainable. 4. It is a European issue as well. The independence and territorial integrity of Cyprus were guaranteed by Britain, Greece, and Turkey in 1960. All three countries belong to NATO, and Britain and Greece are also mem- bers of the EU...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 46–61.
Published: 01 December 2011
... charged. Living in the mental landscape of the Cold War, the United States felt that conflicts, potential or real, between two NATO partners were a major problem. Typical of its broader engagement policy, the United States was ready to play a role in diminishing frictions as they arose...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (3): 30–61.
Published: 01 September 2000
... (prosperity, democracy, a modern culture and society) with a somewhat mythologized Europe, Spain was—surprisingly to some—one of the first European countries to qualify fully for the New Europe under the Maastricht Treaty requirements. Although Spain has in 2000 a soberer...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 30–54.
Published: 01 March 2016
... of low inflation, public debt, and deficits. Athens was told that in order to qualify for euro membership, the Greek government needed to abide by tough EU rules, known as the Maastricht Criteria, meaning that it had to make deep cuts in public spending and implement a series of austerity...