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Muslim Brotherhood

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 82–98.
Published: 01 March 2017
... historical roots of the current confessional-political conflict. Second, it provides an overview of the Muslim Brotherhood – led 1979 – 82 rebellion and its defeat in Hama. Third, it discusses the role that the Muslim Brotherhood revolt plays in the current conflict. Fourth, it analyzes jihadist infighting...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 52–62.
Published: 01 September 2012
... overwhelming victory in the first parliamentary elections since the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak. The Muslim Brotherhood won the biggest share with the hard-line Salafist al Nour Party of Light. The youth groups that staged the demonstrations that toppled Mubarak took only seven seats. What are the implications...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 69–88.
Published: 01 December 2015
... elec- tions and were stunned to see the Muslim Brotherhood, the only legally toler- ated opposition movement permitted by Mubarak, sweep to power. Manipu- lating public anger at the new president’s ineptness, the Egyptian generals overthrew the Brotherhood government and established a new...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 12–23.
Published: 01 September 2004
... earlier. And Hitler was to take power fi ve years later. The founders of the Muslim Brotherhood believed that the Islamic countries should emulate what they considered to be these vital new forces, the wave of the future, rather than imitating what they viewed as the decadent cultures of the dominant...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (3): 27–39.
Published: 01 September 2014
... Obama called on President Mubarak to step down, and the United States pushed for credible and free elections. The Obama administration wanted the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to transfer power to an elected government sooner rather than later. Given the Muslim Brotherhood’s organizational...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 1–2.
Published: 01 March 2017
... context to the current civil war in Syria and looks at how it is influenced by previous conflicts in the region and groups such as Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood. It is followed by Spyri- don Pla­koudas’s essay “The Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party: The Outsider in the Syrian War...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 130–132.
Published: 01 June 2003
.... Egypt’s al Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, and Pakistan’s Mawdudi, the founder of the Islamic Society, blamed societal ills and decline on European imperialism and Westernized elites. They were critical of the modernizing strategy, which tended “to Westernize Islam, to recast Islam in...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 132–137.
Published: 01 June 2003
... Banna, Mawlana Mawdudi, and Sayyid al Qutb, whom he considers to have inspired many activists and terrorists throughout the Mus- lim world since the dawn of the twentieth century. Egypt’s al Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, and Pakistan’s Mawdudi, the founder of the Islamic Society...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 137–140.
Published: 01 June 2003
... dawn of the twentieth century. Egypt’s al Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, and Pakistan’s Mawdudi, the founder of the Islamic Society, blamed societal ills and decline on European imperialism and Westernized elites. They were critical of the modernizing strategy, which tended “to...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 122–125.
Published: 01 September 2009
... the Ain Shams University, a giant institution of 150,000 students. Anwar Sadat was then president of Egypt. With twelve graduate student assistants, she was asked to reorganize the education of teachers in Egypt. The assassination of Sadat by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood in 1981...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (3): 125–128.
Published: 01 September 2009
... the Ain Shams University, a giant institution of 150,000 students. Anwar Sadat was then president of Egypt. With twelve graduate student assistants, she was asked to reorganize the education of teachers in Egypt. The assassination of Sadat by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood in 1981...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 45–63.
Published: 01 December 2014
... legitimized the long repressed Ennahda Islamist movement, an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood led for more than three decades by exiled leader Rashid Ghannouchi. By the time elections were held in 2012, Ennahda was well positioned to win the majority seats in parliament. The demonstrators who began...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 94–116.
Published: 01 September 2015
... d’état in Egypt. He even claimed that “the bal- lot boxes will be empowered in March [2014 municipal elections in Turkey] with the spirit of martyr Asma who was the symbol of the Egyptian Revo- lution.”16 This rhetoric may have motivated his constituency, but it did not help the Muslim Brotherhood...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (1): 80–96.
Published: 01 March 2008
.... Islamism’s Many Violent Faces: Nationalist, Internationalist, and Regional Jihadist Networks It is well recognized that modern Islamism’s ideological and organizational roots lie with Hassan al Banna’s Muslim Brotherhood and the ideas of its most preeminent theorist, Sayyid Qutb.3 Formed in the...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 62–79.
Published: 01 December 2011
... Brotherhood and on 8 March 1980 threatened the group, stating, “Yes, I believe in God and in the message of Islam. . . . I was, I am and I will remain a Muslim, just as Syria will remain a proud citadel flying high the flag of Islam. But the enemies of Islam who traffic in religion will be swept away...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 63–81.
Published: 01 September 2012
... of rela- tions between Turkey and Iran. Iran fears losing its only Arab ally, Syria, which also gives Iran direct access to Hezbollah and Lebanon. The fall of the Assad regime could lead to the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood — a Sunni-­ based movement that opposed the Alawite Assad family...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 8–19.
Published: 01 December 2011
.... Reformist political Islam has a regionwide organizational basis in the form of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was originally an Egyptian creation but today has what amounts to franchises, albeit under different names, in sev- eral Arab countries. There is nothing resembling these transnational move...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (3): 94–109.
Published: 01 September 2007
... equals, or Islam secured complete equality for the non-Muslims.15 It is not uncommon to find such claims as “All humans have the right to live in the Islamic state, and with the Muslims they enjoy equality, justice and liberties that crystallize the reality of human brotherhood.”16 Writing in...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2007) 18 (4): 112–130.
Published: 01 December 2007
... policy.6 In coordination with the Ansar sect, Islamic leader Hasan al-Turabi and other members of his Muslim Brotherhood attempted to revolt against Nimeiri in 1970. Nimeiri crushed the rebellion, and the surviving leaders fled and set up training camps in Libya, where Sadiq al-Mahdi was in...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (3): 1–11.
Published: 01 September 2006
... center group was known as the Egyptian Arab Socialist Organization. The country’s main political forces, the Wafd, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Nasserites, and the commu- nists, were not however, represented. When President Hosni Mubarak assumed the presidency after President Sadat’s...