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Middle East and North Africa

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (1): 5–25.
Published: 01 March 2015
... of Peking University, Global Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and research associate of the Turin World Affairs Institute (T.wai). Copyright 2015 by Mediterranean Affairs, Inc. 2015 Chinese foreign policy New Silk Road xiya beifei Middle East and North Africa...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (2): 89–100.
Published: 01 June 2016
...Michail Ploumis; Labros E. Pilalis Five years after the Arab uprisings in 2011, countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) had difficulties finding their pathway to sustainable economic and political change. Arab oil-producing countries suffered from decreasing oil prices while the Arab...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (3): 68–92.
Published: 01 September 2017
...Lukáš Tichý This essay focuses on the global terrorist and militant group the Islamic State (IS), specifically on its use of terrorism targeting the energy sector as a strategic political instrument in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) in 2014–16. The essay has two main thrusts. First...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (3): 6–19.
Published: 01 September 2013
... remain problematic, but the end of the Global War on Terror nevertheless presents Washington with a window of opportunity to reorder its relations with the nations and peoples of the Middle East and North Africa and frees up resources for the United States to tackle other emerging strategic priorities...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 95–106.
Published: 01 June 2012
... parallel courses within the alliance—joining some group actions while remaining aloof to others. Meanwhile, the alliance has over the past two decades changed its posture from defense to offense and from a focus on the European continent to perceived enemies in North Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Now...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 6–32.
Published: 01 June 2014
...Erik Reichborn-Kjennerud This essay analyzes how the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is likely to address the new security environment in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It investigates how factors internal and external to the alliance shape the possibilities and limits...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 63–81.
Published: 01 September 2012
...Aylin Unver Noi In this article, Turkey’s and the European Union’s foreign policy approaches to the Middle East and North Africa region are analyzed by focusing on “normative power” and “soft power” concepts, the historical relations among the countries of the region, and the projects developed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (3): 1–9.
Published: 01 September 2011
...Joe Sestak The rebellions across the Middle East and North Africa provide a perspective for America about its own leaders, who have made the “politics of survival” the determining factor of what they do. The loss of faith in our traditional political institutions caused by their focus on self...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 1–4.
Published: 01 March 2016
... added to the region’s numerous ongoing challenges, to include the unfolding humanitarian crisis caused by the waves of migrants and refugees entering Europe from the war-­torn regions of the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; the gains by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (2): 8–21.
Published: 01 June 2001
.... So too the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s Mediterranean Dialogue with selected nonmember states in North Africa and the Middle East owes much of its inspiration to events in Algeria and the perception of risk they engendered.5 The Algerian crisis kept...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 1–5.
Published: 01 March 2014
... enigma. Situated five hundred miles east of Greece and only forty miles south of Turkey, Cyprus’s strategic location made it a prized possession over the centuries for many great powers wanting direct access, by sea and later by air, to the Middle East, North Africa, and beyond. Yet Cyprus’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (4): 33–61.
Published: 01 December 2001
... to support for democracy or human rights in the Arab world. At best, Amer- ican strategy (in the section titled “Promoting Democracy”—in the Middle East, North Africa, and Southwest and South Asia) recognizes a “profound respect for Islam. . . . We recognize...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (1): 75–90.
Published: 01 March 2000
... for European/Middle Eastern Relations?” in Distant Neighbors: The Political Economy of Relations between Europe and the Middle East/North Africa, ed. N. Ayubi (Reading, Mass.: Ithaka Press 1995), 7. 6. G. Joffe et al., “The Mediterranean: Risks and Challenges...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (4): 19–41.
Published: 01 December 2003
... million to 6 million in the Middle East/North Africa region, and from 241 million to 315 million in sub-Saharan Africa.6 While broad generalization is always hazardous, particularly regarding Third World political and economic development, U.S. experience to date suggests that the ability of aid...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 99–116.
Published: 01 March 2017
... representative of Syria’s Kurds at the expense of the other Kurdish parties allied with Barzani and the anti-­Assad opposition. International Crisis Group (ICG), Syria’s Kurds: A Strug- gle within a Struggle (Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2013), 22 – 40, www.crisisgroup.org /middle-eastnorth...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 67–93.
Published: 01 September 2015
... Spring because of its stability and the opportunities it presents. The adoption of the Moroccan model is understood to have the potential to inspire further transformative outcomes for the Middle East and North Africa region.1 At the same time, however, there are also extremely difficult...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (4): 46–61.
Published: 01 December 2011
... foreign policy agenda, and Greece is viewed in a new context. Washington’s attention is fixed on the Middle East, North Africa, South Central Asia, India, China, and Russia, and less so on European security (including in the Aegean). As Brussels has assumed collective competence over many...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 55–74.
Published: 01 September 2004
... peace initiatives between Arab states and Israel in the Middle East and have stalled major peace and disarmament initiatives in the region. While territorial and border confl icts remain the major source of interstate confl icts in North Africa, these confl icts are not as acute as in other parts...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 107–123.
Published: 01 December 2014
... long-term solutions to help address the acute water shortages and to further human security in the West Asia and North Africa region. Water: The One Crisis That Also Represents the Biggest Opportunity for a Middle East People’s Peace His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (2): 51–65.
Published: 01 June 2001
..., Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel. The North Africa subregion includes Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. Less than 2 percent of all U.S. trade is with the Middle East and North Africa subregions combined, as it has been since 1970, apart from...