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Gas geopolitics

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (1): 29–57.
Published: 01 March 2017
... option available to Nicosia that could also have a positive geopolitical impact on the trilateral framework and help reduce European Union gas dependence on Russia, although the reduction would be quite limited in the short to medium term. The revenues from the monetization of Cypriot gas reserves may...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (1): 38–56.
Published: 01 March 2013
...Peter E. Paraschos With Israel and Cyprus recently confirming massive offshore gas reserves in the Levant Basin, the eastern Mediterranean Sea region is emerging as a significant new source of natural gas. The major economic and geopolitical implications explored in this essay include...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (3): 49–66.
Published: 01 September 2015
...: University Press of Florida, 2003), 118. 16. “Iran to Hold Oil Conference in London,” MEHR News Agency, 2 December 2014, en.mehrnews .com/detail/News/104893. Bahgat: Geopolitics of Energy  55 Gas Company.17 Iran also started exporting gas to Iraq in 2014, signed...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 77–94.
Published: 01 March 2014
... to the early 2013 collapse of the Cypriot economy, the growing concern that Turkey’s recent foreign policy direction is pulling it away from the European Union, and the discoveries of vast natural gas reserves in the seabed adjacent to Israel and Cyprus. Given the broader instability throughout...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 54–64.
Published: 01 March 2014
... the geostrategic, geopolitical, and geoeconomical role of the country; to contribute to enhancing the security of Europe’s energy supply 60  Mediterranean Quarterly: Winter 2014 through the creation of a third corridor; and to diversify Cyprus’s energy mix by integrating natural gas and renewable energy...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 124–140.
Published: 01 December 2014
... influence in the eastern Mediterranean is one of the significant new factors in the region, the area is also quickly emerg- ing as source of energy for Europe. The recently confirmed discovery of gas and oil reserves off the coasts of Israel and Cyprus not only represents a potential economic bonanza...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (2): 95–109.
Published: 01 June 2003
... control of President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has perpetuated his rule through electoral manipulation and political repression.2 With limited oil and natural gas reserves, Kyrgysztan’s economic situation is weak, and the nation has been heavily dependent on Russia. At one time Kyrgyzstan...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 113–137.
Published: 01 June 2009
...- sia is the world’s second-largest oil producer and exporter after Saudi Arabia (China ranks sixth in proven reserves) and a top natural gas producer. Since the beginning of the present century, Russia’s economy has rebounded, in large part, due to increases in international oil prices. Russia’s...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (2): 61–84.
Published: 01 June 2014
... or coherent EU policy toward Russia. Thus, the energy business has a fundamentally geopolitical purpose for Russia, as it has previoiusly admitted. On 28 June 2013 Azerbaijan announced that it would pump gas from its Shah Deniz field through Turkey to Europe via the Trans-­Adriatic Pipeline (TAP...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (3): 68–87.
Published: 01 September 2008
.... The Saudi Ameri- can Bank projected that Saudi Arabia had major projects of $238 million in process with oil and gas investments accounting for $69 million; defense and security spending was expected to reach $48.8 million. Turkish Daily News (TDN), 30 July 2006. 4. TDN, 24 June 2007. 5. Hurriyet, 27...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (1): 96–119.
Published: 01 March 2018
... of the domestic, regional, or geopolitical aspects regarding the development of Albania’s oil and gas sectors.3 Given the current reality that the relationship between suppliers and con- sumers once again shows signs of politicization, the issue of sectoral and infrastructural development is worth...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (1): 5–21.
Published: 01 March 2016
... of increased pressure on the region’s nat- ural resources. The Mediterranean should remain awash in hydrocarbons, given that its considerable hydrocarbon endowment has only gotten larger with the discovery of large undersea gas fields in the eastern Mediterra- nean. The Zohr field, discovered in 2015...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (1): 59–76.
Published: 01 March 2015
... 2010. 41. Ibid., 12 – 3. 70  Mediterranean Quarterly: March 2015 energy domain, due to its geopolitical position and its active involvement in the so-­called Southern Corridor, while an international bidding process for oil and gas exploration is under way. In parallel, China’s presence...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (2): 78–89.
Published: 01 June 2010
... bilateral relations between Athens and Moscow. An analysis is presented of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline deal, Greece's participation in the South Stream gas pipeline project, its purchase of Russian tanks, and its more recent strategy of taking a step back from its overall excellent relations...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (4): 13–45.
Published: 01 December 2006
... companies would also be able to invest in international oil and gas companies that operated in Kurdistan-Iraq. In December 2004, Michael Gulbenkian, the grandson of the notorious Calouste Gulbenkian, a late nine- teenth and early twentieth century oil entrepreneur, also known as “5 percent Gulbenkian...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2001) 12 (1): 22–38.
Published: 01 March 2001
... to build oil and gas pipelines across Central Asia to make it a major consumer of energy and a major geopolitical player there. An expan- sionist authoritarian China represents a challenge to Turkish interest in the region. It is not in Turkey’s interest to see...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 49–68.
Published: 01 December 2015
... of it to Europe via Greece would “change the geo-­economics and geopolitical framework in the greater region.” Peres expressed his support for two “small states who can achieve great things” and later confirmed the promise of strategic energy coopera- tion built around a network of gas pipelines connecting...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (1): 93–104.
Published: 01 March 2004
... and currently produces more than 2.7 billion bpd.8 Major 4. “World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves,” International Energy Journal, 1 January 2002, at www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/iea/table81.html. 5. Charles W. Corey, “U.S. Oil Executive Optimistic about Finds in West Africa,” Washington File (U.S...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2002) 13 (1): 86–108.
Published: 01 March 2002
... in a very critical region. Turkmen oil and gas reserves have attracted major global and regional interests, and such actors have sought ways to exercise influence. Turkmenistan has major weaknesses, such as a low population, lack of mili- tary power, and the absence of industrial infrastructure...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (2): 106–124.
Published: 01 June 2017
... percent of its energy consump- tion.15 The EU’s dependence on external oil and gas is estimated at 83.5 percent and 64.2 percent, respectively.16 Furthermore, given the constantly increasing demand for energy among the EU member states, it is estimated that by 2030 the external energy dependence...