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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2018) 29 (4): 19–31.
Published: 01 December 2018
...Ted Galen Carpenter When the United States and its NATO allies helped insurgents overthrow Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the belief was that the intervention prevented a humanitarian catastrophe and that a post-Gaddafi Libya would be stable and democratic. Instead, Libya became...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 21–41.
Published: 01 December 2016
... goes, it means that in the Libyan case it was a “success” for R2P to react, but not for R2P to rebuild, as, not surprisingly, Libya descended into chaos after Muammar Gaddafi was toppled. In their respective sessions in Paris on 12 July 2011, 482 members of parliament (MPs) and 314 senators...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (3): 6–19.
Published: 01 September 2013
... Awakening can also serve as an early example of the policy shift under way in Washington in regard to the war on terrorism as a strategic construct. The Muammar Gaddafi regime in Libya, shortly after 9/11, had changed its approach to the United States and the West, and cooperation in the war...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (2): 1–4.
Published: 01 June 2013
... of competition are being expressed today. In Syria, there is a civil war raging between Bashar al-­Assad’s government forces and Syrian rebels. In Libya, Muammar al-­Gaddafi’s dictatorship of more than four decades has given way to an uncertain future, simmering with animosi- ties. In Egypt, the epicenter...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2013) 24 (2): 5–38.
Published: 01 June 2013
... to define let alone to operationalize, but it is important to think about in this context because fundamentally the regimes of Zine el Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Muammar Gaddafi, and other Arab dictators fell because they were widely regarded as illegitimate by their subjects. In contrast...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (1): 111–135.
Published: 01 March 2000
..., Washington, D.C., 24 August 1998; and Abde- laziz Barrouhi, “Libya’s Gaddafi Says Lockerbie Deal Near,” New York Times, 2 March 1999. 25. Viorst, 74; Barbara Crossette, “Qaddafi Says ‘Negotiation Is Needed on Lockerbie Suspects New York Times, 28 August 1998; and John M...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (1): 77–94.
Published: 01 March 2014
..., as well as cruise missiles. Yes, the US Air Force could take them out, but it won’t be the kind of easy bombing campaign that helped rout Muammar Gaddafi in Libya.”20 Lebanon, directly south of Syria, has been without a fully functioning government since March 2013. Yet it continues to play...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (2): 89–100.
Published: 01 June 2016
... The demonstrators managed to overthrow the gov- erning regimes in Tunisia and Egypt before the spring of 2012. An armed popular revolt that was assisted by a Western military intervention toppled the long-­governing Libyan regime of Muammar Gaddafi, while an uprising in Yemen evolved into civil strife...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 124–140.
Published: 01 December 2014
... of ethno-­nationalist regimes, postcolonial turbulence, energy crises, and regional competitions. Nonetheless, American control of the rimland was cohesive and withstood many alterations and shifts. The 1956 Suez Canal Crisis, the emergence of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya, the Islamic Revolution...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2017) 28 (4): 32–52.
Published: 01 December 2017
..., www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2014- 04- 17/return- geopolitics. 9. The decision to topple Muammar Gaddafi instead of implementing the United Nations Security Council resolution to create a no- fly zone alienated Russia (which abstained from the voting) and contributed to the hardening of its position...