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France and Libya

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Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 21–41.
Published: 01 December 2016
... responsibility to protect R2P France and Libya Syria Daesh The French Parliament and the Conflicts in Libya and Syria Stelios Stavridis The theory and practice of diplomacy has evolved greatly over the past few decades. New diplomatic practices have joined traditional state-­run diplo- macy...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2009) 20 (2): 77–94.
Published: 01 June 2009
... the boundary between the two countries. While Chad viewed the 1955 Treaty of Friendship and Good Neighbourliness between France and Libya as such a treaty, Libya 25. Alan J. Day, Border and Territorial Disputes (Burnt Mill, UK: Longman, 1987), 105. 26. International Court of Justice (ICJ), “Case...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2011) 22 (3): 42–52.
Published: 01 September 2011
... “adventure” of 1956 helped stir the imagination of the young Qaddafi. His pan-­Arab enthusiasms were enflamed further by the widening struggles of Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco to shed France’s imperial yoke. By 1969, Libya appeared prepared to join the fray. A major contributing factor...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 2–20.
Published: 01 December 2016
... Inter- Union total members) (170 Albania, Algeria, Bosnia- Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Mauritania, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Portugal, Palestine, Spain, Slovenia, Syria, Turkey Tunisia...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2000) 11 (1): 111–135.
Published: 01 March 2000
... of terrorism.14 Before the sanctions were imposed, Libya undertook to transfer its liquid holdings away from Britain and France to Switzerland and the Persian Gulf states and to stockpile food, spare parts, and medicine. After the imposition...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2010) 21 (3): 1–7.
Published: 01 September 2010
..., then, that this so-­called union should have been termed “Council of the Mediterranean” and restricted to the rim states. 3. The 5+5 Dialogue includes Maghreb countries Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tuni- sia as well as European Mediterranean countries France, Italy, Malta, Portugal, and Spain. 4...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (2): 42–62.
Published: 01 June 2015
... their presence with a multinational guarantee — from France, Italy, Algeria, and Libya — to ensure his country’s neutrality and provide military and economic support.19 Mintoff, like Makarios, felt strongly about the Palestinian cause, and both leaders wanted Arab investment in and political support...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (1): 1–15.
Published: 01 March 2006
..., France, Italy, Libya, Malta, Mauritania, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, and Tunisia are taking part. Particularly impor- tant in this context were three ministerial conferences on migration in the western Mediterranean held in Tunis in 2002, Rabat in 2003, and Algiers in 2004. All were...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (2): 95–106.
Published: 01 June 2012
... Libyan forces so enthusiastically conducted by France and Britain from March to October 2011. Even the United States resisted doing more than share its sophisticated electronic weaponry and spyware to enhance the NATO airstrikes against Libya. For decades the alliance appears to have lived...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 34–51.
Published: 01 September 2012
... with each other but with the larger Arab world.2 The Arab Spring spread across North Africa (Egypt, Libya, and Morocco), Arabia (Yemen and Bah- rain), and the Levant (Jordan and Syria) with unanticipated rapidity, ulti- mately toppling governments not only in Tunisia but also in Egypt, Libya...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (1): 77–96.
Published: 01 March 2015
... in early 2011, when Beijing had to organize the evacuation of around thirty-­six thousand Chinese citizens from Libya. Finally, the conclusions of this essay provide an assessment of the prospects for EU-­Chinese security cooperation in the Mediterranean region. It is argued that, paradoxically...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2014) 25 (4): 45–63.
Published: 01 December 2014
..., economic reform, secular governance, and liberty. When in rapid succession the dictatorships in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya fell to nearly bloodless revolutions, the cynicism usual in the West turned to optimism, and it seemed as if all was possible. The vision of the Arab world as not quite ready...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2003) 14 (3): 41–77.
Published: 01 September 2003
... of their occupation” forestalled the implementation of the Final Solution on the Jews of Tunisia and, especially, Libya.29 The activities of the anti-Semitic Vichy France government in the Maghreb, the Italian Fascist government with its German cohorts in Libya, and Haj Amin al-Hussaini, the mufti...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 122–125.
Published: 01 December 2008
...- nent scholars who specialize in the Maghreb. North Africa is a comprehensive study of recent developments in the region with attention to the five countries which make up the group: Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. William Quandt has written an excellent forward in which he makes...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2008) 19 (4): 126–130.
Published: 01 December 2008
.... North Africa is a comprehensive study of recent developments in the region with attention to the five countries which make up the group: Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. William Quandt has written an excellent forward in which he makes the point that “one significant part...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2012) 23 (3): 63–81.
Published: 01 September 2012
... the Muammar Qaddafi regime in Libya.36 Also in close coordination with the United States and United Kingdom, France closed its embassy in Damascus and then went one step further than other EU member states in implement- ing sanctions against Syria, although there was little immediate effect...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2016) 27 (4): 100–118.
Published: 01 December 2016
..., Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Mauritania, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Syria, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, and Turkey. Cofelice...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2015) 26 (4): 1–12.
Published: 01 December 2015
... on; the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has proven a resilient and ever-­ growing aggressor in Iraq, Syria, and beyond (as well as shocking in its levels of violence and sheer brutality); and Libya is a failing state. The transatlantic community has indeed responded to the turbulence and crumbling...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2004) 15 (3): 55–74.
Published: 01 September 2004
... Survey: Profi ling the Problem (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001). 2. In this essay the western Mediterranean refers to southwestern Europe (France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain) and western North Africa (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia). Jaouad Haqhaqi is a doctoral candidate...
Journal Article
Mediterranean Quarterly (2006) 17 (2): 7–16.
Published: 01 June 2006
... the countries and an office in Kosovo, will continue to work with its European partners to reassert a strong diplomatic role in the region. Libya Libya remains a country of interest for the United States. The Libyan accep- tance of responsibility for the downing of Pan...