In this essay policies against non-Muslim minorities implemented during World War II by the Turkish government are analyzed: specifically, the mobilization of minority young men aged eighteen to forty-five years into work battalions from May 1941 to September 1942, as a repetition of the Amele Taburlari during World War I, and the capital tax implemented as a means of economic destruction of the non-Muslim minorities from November 1942 to March 1944. The motivations, conditions, and implementation of both antiminority measures are analyzed and their consequences are presented.

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Author notes

Sait Çetinoğlu is a historian at the Free University in Ankara, Turkey.