When the United States and its NATO allies helped insurgents overthrow Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the belief was that the intervention prevented a humanitarian catastrophe and that a post-Gaddafi Libya would be stable and democratic. Instead, Libya became a cauldron of chaos and human suffering. Rival, mostly Islamist militias vie for power in a multisided civil war. There is a vast flow of desperate refugees trying to get across the Mediterranean to Europe, many of whom perish in the attempt. Libya is a case study in how good intentions are not enough in foreign policy.
Paved with Good Intentions: How Washington Created the Libya Hell
Ted Galen Carpenter is senior fellow in defense and foreign policy studies, the Cato Institute, and a member of the editorial advisory board at Mediterranean Quarterly. He is the author of ten books, the contributing editor of ten books, and the author of more than seven hundred articles on international affairs.
Ted Galen Carpenter; Paved with Good Intentions: How Washington Created the Libya Hell. Mediterranean Quarterly 1 December 2018; 29 (4): 19–31. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/10474552-7345427
Download citation file: