There are two ways to think about the Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA) and the political and ideological conditions that have led to its near-certain demise. The first way examines the law itself and its efficacy for creating conditions in which workers could join trade unions without overcoming obstacles usually found only in authoritarian, one-party regimes. The second way considers the status of American labor during the past few decades; it explores why every recent effort to reform the labor law has failed and why opposition to even the most incremental changes in the employer-employee relationship has been so militant and steadfast.
Nelson Lichtenstein; Despite Efca's Limitations, Its Demise Is a Profound Defeat for U.s. Labor. Labor 1 September 2010; 7 (3): 29–32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/15476715-2010-007
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