The questions posed by this symposium are ones that, up to now, I have put out of my mind. What was the point, in the midst of the EFCA campaign, of looking back and apportioning blame for labor's decline? Or of looking forward and wondering whether EFCA really was worth the trouble? It was enough just to make the fight. But now that we have lost, maybe the organizers of this symposium are right that it is time to take up these questions. The exercise cannot do any harm and, just conceivably, might give us some bearings for thinking about next steps.