At the beginning of the twentieth century former socialist and anarchist Lizzie Swank Holmes wrote a series of eight fictional stories for the American Federation of Labor journal. Financial necessity was no doubt an important motivator, but Holmes likely also recognized the large and diverse potential readership American Federationist could offer. Examination of these stories thus pushes us to consider the complex rather than linear relationship between an individual's radical and labour politics and her journalist and literary production. Through Holmes we consider the ease with which many individuals moved between and through a number of different organizations, some of which appear in opposition with one another.

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