The 2020 Democratic presidential primary race sparked vibrant discussion about financial reparations for African Americans to begin to redress some of the incalculable theft of life, property, and liberty that 340 plus years of North American chattel slavery entailed and that Jim Crow and continuing discrimination since that time deepened. In 2019, the median wealth owned by white families in the US remained ten times that of African American families. On June 19, 2019 (the Juneteenth holiday celebrating news of the end of slavery), the US House Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties held hearings on the subject of reparations, reopening discussion of HR 40, a bill that Rep. John Conyers had annually introduced for thirty years. This time the sponsor was African American congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas). During the campaign, Senators Elizabeth Warren and...

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