This extensively researched and sophisticated study breaks through conventional origin stories of neoliberalism. Before the Washington Consensus of the late 1980s and 1990s, which laid out the terms through which poor countries might receive international relief, there was Colombia's Cauca Valley Corporation and its adviser, David Lilienthal, the New Dealer turned businessman, who championed democracy through decentralization of investment and state authority. Before the Chicago Boys, a group of University of Chicago free-market economists, flocked to Pinochet's Chile as advisers in the 1970s and 1980s, there was a generation of Latin American economists trained in the United States, and there was Lauchlin Currie, the Keynesian internationalist fleeing McCarthyism who joined Colombia's National Planning Council and sought to differentiate the field of economics from that of management. As a regional study, Sorting Out the Mixed Economy undermines both triumphalist accounts and left critiques of privatization to complicate circuits of influence within...

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