How things change! I can still remember finishing my dissertation on Christianity and labor in Philadelphia in the mid-1980s and feeling exhilarated when a senior scholar in labor history asked to take a look. After a couple of weeks, he handed me a couple of single-spaced pages of comments and told me that he found many positives in the dissertation; he thought the research was strong and the points were well argued. And then he stopped me in my tracks. “Of course,” he stated flatly, “I really don’t believe it—that religion was all that important to most working people.” He thanked me for letting him read it and wished me well in the future. Fast-forward thirty years, and I am delighted to say that the field of labor and working-class history has found God (at least as a research topic). In addition to the books under review here, there is...

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