In the 1960s, Bolivia received more per capita development aid than any other Latin American nation; the country quickly won generous inclusion in John F. Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress. Yet in late 1964, Bolivia’s powerful civilian president, Víctor Paz Estenssoro, fell in a military coup to his vice president, General René Barrientos. How did development so quickly devolve into dictatorship? Answering that question is the central focus of Thomas C. Field Jr.’s book. From Development to Dictatorship is one among a number of recent studies that reexamine the relationship between Bolivia and the United States during the Cold War; these works include those of James F. Siekmeier and Kenneth D. Lehman. Field’s book is unique in its detailed focus on Paz Estenssoro’s second stint as president (1960–64) and Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress. This study reinforces findings by scholars in other Third...

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