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varna

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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1996) 55 (3): 770–771.
Published: 01 August 1996
...Kenneth G. Zysk Classifying the Universe: The Ancient Indian Varṇa System and the Origins of Caste . By Brian K. Smith . New York : Oxford University Press , 1994 . xv, 408 pp. $49.95 (cloth); $24.95 (paper). Copyright © The Association for Asian Studies, Inc. 1996 1996 770...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1977) 36 (3): 429–442.
Published: 01 May 1977
... ff. 4 Indian Cultural Influences in Cambodia , Calcutta : Calcutta Univ. Press , 1928 . 5 “Varnas in Early Kāmbuja Inscriptions,” Journal of the American Oriental Society [hereafter JAOS ], LXXXV ( 1965 ), pp. 566 –69. 6 “The Caste System in Ancient...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2014) 73 (3): 689–709.
Published: 01 August 2014
... to develop “indigenous” forms of mobilizational politics in their struggles against imperialism; and Indian thinking about caste ( varna ), which was central to Gandhi's thought and has generally been neglected in the literature. These contexts help us to understand Gandhi's complex and sometimes...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2000) 59 (1): 86–108.
Published: 01 February 2000
... born,” Brahmins, Kshatriyas [warriors] and Vaishyas [merchants]) and the intermediate castes (mostly peasant proprietors and even dominant castes). They form the bulk of the Shudras—the fourth category ( varna ) of the classical Hindu social arrangement. The OBCs, whose professional activity is often...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2019) 78 (4): 966–968.
Published: 01 November 2019
... of the Vedas and Dharma Sūtras, suggesting that it is only with the Āpastambha Dharmasūtra (early third century BCE) that all four varṇas are first named “using the term varṇa ” (p. 135) and stated explicitly to be based on birth. He further speculates, drawing upon a brief observation in Timothy Lubin's...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2002) 61 (3): 1094–1095.
Published: 01 August 2002
..., jndna-yoga, bhakti-yoga, karma-yoga, varna, asrama, purusdrtha-s, and Veda. These topic-chapters are preceded by a conceptual introduction and historical survey. In the conceptual introduction, Sharma opens his exposition of Hinduism by identifying brahman as "the sole ultimate reality," and the central...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1976) 35 (4): 581–596.
Published: 01 August 1976
... of the varnas. There is indeed in India a hierarchy other than that of the pure and the impure, namely, the traditional hierarchy of the four varnas: . . . the highest is that of the Brahmans or priests, below them the Kshatriyas or warriors, then the Vaishyas, in modern usage mainly merchants, andfinallythe...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2002) 61 (3): 1093–1094.
Published: 01 August 2002
...-type chapters, each of which elucidates the scope of the Hindu tradition under the heading of selected key concepts: brahman (nirguna and saguna), Isvara, Devi, the Hindu Trinity, Brahma, Visnu, Siva, jiva, samsdra, karma, dharma, mdyd, moksa, jndna-yoga, bhakti-yoga, karma-yoga, varna, asrama...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1976) 36 (1): 5–24.
Published: 01 November 1976
... of each of the four varna is given at various points in MD; see especially X, 74–100. 19 Bengali villagers are generally uncertain as to why their own life experiences should vary from the account given in respected texts. Bengali scholars generally argue that the Kshatriya and Vaisya varna...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2009) 68 (4): 1337–1339.
Published: 01 November 2009
... and occupation. The discussion thus revolves around varṇa , the system of four social classes composed of Brahman priests, rulers, and warriors ( kṣatriyas ); the productive class ( vaiśyas ); and those who are meant to serve these three upper classes, the śūdras. It also revolves around the concept of jāti...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1979) 38 (3): 477–497.
Published: 01 May 1979
... treatment is of course The Laws of Manu, ed. George Buhler, Sacred Books of the East, 25 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1886). An instructive recent analysis of the theory of thejatis is S.J. Tambiah, "From Varna to Caste through Mixed Unions," in Jack Goody, ed., The Character of Kinship (Cambridge: Cambridge...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1987) 46 (2): 442–444.
Published: 01 May 1987
... the extending circles of kinship and household, such as kula, grha, grama, jndti, but they perhaps merit a broader contextual discussion for a fuller understanding of the lineages' internal kinship organization. Thapar convincingly argues that the varna system in its Vedic origin was not a simple unfolding...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1972) 31 (3): 700–701.
Published: 01 May 1972
... Dumont emphasizes the unity of the caste system, the principles of hierarchy and purity-pollution integrating castes, the interdependence or interrelations between castes or categories of castes, the varnas. Irawati Karve's wellknown work, reviewed here in its second edition, is an emphatically...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1976) 36 (1): 189–195.
Published: 01 November 1976
... Books , 1974 ), pp. 43 – 80 , and “Hierarchy and Equivalence in Jaffna, North Ceylon: Normative Codes as Mediator,” The New Wind ; Davis Marvin G. , “A Philosophy of Hindu Rank from Rural West Bengal,” JAS , XXXVI , 1 ( 1976 ), pp. 5 – 24 ; Tambiah Stanley J. , “From Varna...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1978) 37 (2): 233–250.
Published: 01 February 1978
.... The question of the varna classification of the Kayasthas had been raised in the British courts, and in at least one instance BhowaneePrasadv. Bukbtawar Singh, 187419 the court had held the Chitraguptavanshi 14 In the preface to his Kshatriya Prakasha (Bombay, 1891), Sarvan Lai Tandon explained that the book...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1972) 31 (3): 699–700.
Published: 01 May 1972
... of the caste system, the principles of hierarchy and purity-pollution integrating castes, the interdependence or interrelations between castes or categories of castes, the varnas. Irawati Karve's wellknown work, reviewed here in its second edition, is an emphatically contrasting interpretation. She emphasizes...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1987) 46 (2): 444–446.
Published: 01 May 1987
... inextricably linked with lineage systems that later crystallized into varna-jdti society. Had the state been a centralized despotic unit, then the varna-jdtis, with their sets of laws to maintain lineage purity by emphasizing marriage and kinship, would not have survived. The Indian king's duty was to conserve...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1972) 32 (1): 176–178.
Published: 01 November 1972
... as if the precepts laid down for the ruler and his subjects conformed to, or ensured the conformity of, day to day activity. This leads him into repeated overemphasis on the varna system (versus jatt), the courts, trade, and urban life (versus the village), and idealized codes (versus whatever people really did...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2012) 71 (1): 283–285.
Published: 01 February 2012
..., and transmission of energy. Drawing on this data, the author charts significant patterns of psychological and religious aptitude among women and develops strategies for analysis using a variety of categories including varṇa , education, and location to flesh out constructive identities of female leadership...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2003) 62 (4): 1143–1170.
Published: 01 November 2003
... to try to interact with and influence the colonial government. One of the many classifications upon which Risley drew was the varna system. One possible translation of the term "caste," varna refers to an idealized hierarchy of brahmins (priests), kshatriyas (soldiers), vaishyas (commoners), shudras...