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smuggling

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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2013) 72 (4): 988–990.
Published: 01 November 2013
...Charles W. Hayford Americans and Macao: Trade, Smuggling, and Diplomacy on the South China Coast . Edited by Paul A. Van Dyke . Hong Kong : Hong Kong University Press , 2012 ; distributed by Columbia University Press. ix, 251 pp. $50.00 (cloth). Copyright © The Association for Asian...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2019) 78 (3): 661–663.
Published: 01 August 2019
...Peter Thilly China's War on Smuggling: Law, Economic Life, and the Making of the Modern State, 1842–1965 . By Philip Thai . New York : Columbia University Press , 2018 . xix, 380 pp. ISBN: 9780231185844 (cloth). Copyright © The Association for Asian Studies, Inc. 2019  2019...
Journal Article
Far Eastern Quarterly (1947) 6 (2): 139–167.
Published: 01 February 1947
... study in diplomacy. For four years, the Island Empire sought by every means short of war to establish its position of paramountcy in North China. Intrigue on a vast scale, involving official proclamations, “spontaneous” autonomy movements, organized smuggling, threats of reprisals, and even direct...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2003) 62 (4): 1109–1142.
Published: 01 November 2003
...David Bello Abstract The opium-smuggling trade that britain pursued on the eastern seacoast of China has become the symbol of China's century-long descent into political and social chaos. In the standard historical narratives of both China and Euro-America, opium is the primary medium through which...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2024) 83 (1): 116–139.
Published: 01 February 2024
...Hyeok Hweon Kang Abstract In the mid-seventeenth century, the Chosŏn Korean (1392–1910) court ran a smuggling enterprise in Japan, using both formal diplomatic agents and private merchants to import military contraband. This royal enterprise caused the largest documented criminal investigation...
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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2024) 83 (1): 1–4.
Published: 01 February 2024
...Joseph S. Alter Beyond the new insights that Kang provides on contraband diplomacy in premodern East Asia, his analysis draws attention to the globalized context within which smuggling reflects new kinds of power and, consequently, expanded boundaries for what is considered legal and by whom...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1970) 29 (4): 937–938.
Published: 01 August 1970
... were sold only in Taiwan, but they were smuggled into the United States and other parts of Asia. Naturally, great dissatisfaction arose among American publishers. They pressed their government to take action. This and the weight of world opinion goaded the Chinese government to decide on March 23, i960...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1970) 29 (4): 938–939.
Published: 01 August 1970
... in the Republic of China, but only upon due registration of their works. It would not be too alarming if pirate editions were sold only in Taiwan, but they were smuggled into the United States and other parts of Asia. Naturally, great dissatisfaction arose among American publishers. They pressed their government...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1976) 36 (1): 129–130.
Published: 01 November 1976
... in the form of smuggling, financed by vested local interests with the connivance of corruptible officials. Governmental attempts to suppress smuggling by force led to armed resistance, in which the local population often collaborated with the smugglers. In the broadest sense, then, the wo-k'ou phenomenon...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1976) 36 (1): 127–129.
Published: 01 November 1976
... of trading with China. From the time of the first Ming emperor, such trade had been illegal; but it had persisted in the form of smuggling, financed by vested local interests with the connivance of corruptible officials. Governmental attempts to suppress smuggling by force led to armed resistance, in which...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2011) 70 (3): 810–812.
Published: 01 August 2011
... such as smuggling in achieving political and economic goals. As Hill rightly concludes, the Sugar Industry Revival Program's lack of success was not a major factor in Feng Rui's unusually severe punishment in 1936. The Program had indeed created discontent among some peasants and business circles. The sugar...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2007) 66 (2): 345–362.
Published: 01 May 2007
... of cocaine. The first restrictions on the sale and use of cocaine were imposed in Bengal in 1902, about the same time as the first state regulations in the United States” (2000, 176), 2 and David Courtwright indicates that “most of the cocaine distributed in India in the 1920s and 1930s was smuggled...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2009) 68 (2): 543–572.
Published: 01 May 2009
... to the underground border trade, satisfied the Burmese demand for consumer goods. It is estimated that smuggled merchandise may have constituted more than 80 percent of Burma's total consumption (Lintner 1988 , 23; Mya Than 1996 , 3). Market-dominated Thailand was the major partner in this illegal trade. According...
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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1964) 23 (3): 391–403.
Published: 01 May 1964
... acknowledged reports of increasing amounts of money being sent to the Ryukyus since then. Upon investigation, it was decided that the charges were groundless. The official position was that though mistakes might have been made, the transportation of excess amounts of money was not due to smuggling activity...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2021) 80 (1): 223–225.
Published: 01 February 2021
... Army will appreciate the connections made with it, as Bengali revolutionaries also relied on small-scale shipments of arms and on assassinations. Some European sailors sold arms to Indians, but Indian lascars were the “primary conduit for arms smuggling” (p. 244) and were as heavily monitored as high...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2011) 70 (2): 543–545.
Published: 01 May 2011
... the transnational orbit “in resistance, and adaptation” to Chinese Exclusion in the United States (p. 5). Networks included highly organized schemes of human “smuggling” as well as transnational capital and wholesaling that facilitated the success of Chinese business enterprises in Mexico. Since much...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2007) 66 (4): 1116–1117.
Published: 01 November 2007
... the Independent Commission against Corruption , and Internal Dossier , Liu Ping, a former head of customs in Huzhou, Zhejiang, published his novel Dossier on Smuggling in 2001. The work exposes the darkness of human desires, as revealed in smuggling, bribery, and debauchery, in the old-fashioned style...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2005) 64 (3): 792–793.
Published: 01 August 2005
... goods. The monies earned were critical for revenues to operate the British enterprise in India. The Ministry of Finance allowed the opium factory to utilize smuggled opium (often contaminated) to produce alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, narcotine, and medical opium (powder and cake...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1991) 50 (2): 466–467.
Published: 01 May 1991
..., which enabled them to expand their commercial activities in rural areas otherwise closed to Chinese trade. Rush argues that Dutch attempts at limiting Javanese opium consumption by supplying smaller quantities of opium at high prices to the Chinese farmers encouraged a system of widespread smuggling...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2021) 80 (2): 337–361.
Published: 01 May 2021
... Shenzhen smuggling special economic zone trade Since the end of World War II, enclaves of exception have emerged in parallel with the universalization of sovereign states. Carved out within national territories, many of these “spatio-juridical enclosures” have taken the form of special economic...
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