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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2012) 71 (4): 857–871.
Published: 01 November 2012
... of Cool Biz imagery and related enterprises. 3 Actually, “Cool Biz” was promoted by the government and elected officials for years, but it became an actual phenomenon only after 3–11 (Warnock 2012 ). 2 For evidence of how difficult it is to imagine women as family breadwinners even...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2010) 69 (2): 615–617.
Published: 01 May 2010
... and women's worth as supportive caretakers, protesting workers' wives reproduced the symbolic basis of a patriarchal order in which men were the sole and primary breadwinners. This ideology not only reified existing gender hierarchies but also belied the actual realities facing unemployed men and female heads...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2019) 78 (1): 176–177.
Published: 01 February 2019
..., male authority was challenged indirectly as men became “victims” of their expected role as breadwinners in a time of wartime poverty (p. 89). One may, however, consider women's use of the still-accepted language of their dependency and moral purity to justify actions with other reasons. Male authority...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1983) 42 (3): 619–620.
Published: 01 May 1983
... masters in the temple, and they show less interest in village affairs. The farmers have lost their pride as breadwinners. For the generation of older farmers, these changes are traumatic and regrettable, and the author seems to identify strongly with them, but unmentioned is the fact that the tenants...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2011) 70 (2): 571–573.
Published: 01 May 2011
... endanger the financial wellbeing of his family. Here we see how the male role of the family breadwinner constrains access to the world of politics, which comes with relatively low wages and a high risk of privately bearing campaign costs to some degree. She also manages to reveal the thoughts of the well...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2012) 71 (3): 842–845.
Published: 01 August 2012
... of heterosexual femininity, except for their choice of a tomboi as partner (although some also have male partners). In daily life, the couples often perform conventionally masculine and feminine roles, with the tomboi as the breadwinner, and the femme responsible for domestic life. As Saskia Wieringa has...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2017) 76 (4): 1115–1118.
Published: 01 November 2017
... paternalist ties with female club owners and managers and pursuing romantic relationships with GIs both to sell drinks and, potentially, to escape into marriage and emigration to the US. South Korean activists contrast these two groups of Filipina workers, treating the factory workers as breadwinners...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2002) 61 (2): 679–681.
Published: 01 May 2002
... professionals; gang members drawn into inner city crime, and family breadwinners holding down two jobs; and hardcore followers of ex-General Vang Pao, who persist in dreaming unrealistically of returning to Laos to rescue it from communist control, and those who look askance at him as a failed opportunist...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2012) 71 (4): 851–856.
Published: 01 November 2012
..., with some pieces focusing on the former, some on the latter, and some on the interplay between the two. The issue begins with LeBlanc's evocatively titled “Lessons from the Ghosts of Salaryman Past: The Global Costs of the Breadwinner Imaginary,” an exploration of the way that ideas about masculinity...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2012) 71 (4): 919–927.
Published: 01 November 2012
..., as something that that generation prefers? Or will they “grow out of it,” the ideal remaining the property of the young? Will the beautiful young men discard their beauty and grow up to meet the breadwinner standard of masculinity against which older, married men are held in East Asia, or will the corporate...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2019) 78 (4): 929–936.
Published: 01 November 2019
..., postwar industrial and welfare policy were designed to support families with a male breadwinner and a full-time housewife. The EEOL was the product of both domestic and international pressure. Japan's ratification of the United Nations’ Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1960) 19 (2): 151–161.
Published: 01 February 1960
... required to purchase wholesalers' licenses, on the one hand, yet considered as coming within the scope of the Retail Trade Law on the other. And the law served to aggravate personal tragedies by reinforcing the hardship imposed upon Chinese families with the death of their principal breadwinner. Many...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2016) 75 (1): 63–85.
Published: 01 February 2016
... self with free will, in this sense, was the male breadwinner who might be imagined as the driver of the family-owned car. While these two talking automobiles are unlike each other with respect to their tones and characters (Kim Han Sang 2013b ), they share a certain attitude toward the world...
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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2018) 77 (2): 475–493.
Published: 01 May 2018
... of addressing the root cause. Advocacy that targets systemic problems—including sexism in the labor market, feminized non-full-time work, and the male breadwinner–centered pension system—is necessary. It is important to emphasize that the limited advocacy is not necessarily because the community groups...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1967) 27 (1): 95–109.
Published: 01 November 1967
.... Public relief almost disappeared during the last years of Meiji (1907-12). When the State returned to the question of relief toward the end of the First World War, the highest priority was accorded to families suffering from the temporary withdrawal or permanent loss of the breadwinners on account...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2022) 81 (4): 673–687.
Published: 01 November 2022
...” spread to women and actual children typically through the programs and subsidies set up for the male breadwinners who were his employees. Even after his death, Idemitsu's nationalism and emphasis on the paternalistic role of his firm continued to make headlines overseas (e.g., Tharp 1981...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1990) 49 (4): 741–760.
Published: 01 November 1990
..., mostly youth and young men, many of them students or job-holders, and male adult household heads who were usually the main breadwinners. The evidence shows that some women and children were also killed in the outlying settlements, and that some women were raped by packs of men. To kill and reduce...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2002) 61 (2): 417–435.
Published: 01 May 2002
... to discourage job switching. Policies regarding the health of conscripts, the long-term production of more soldiers, and the welfare of civilian workers embodied the human resources perspective that is characteristic of a state engaged in mass war. 4. The absence of male breadwinners during war threatens...
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (2021) 80 (2): 337–361.
Published: 01 May 2021
... expenses. In 1949, 90 percent of Bao'an's population of 184,700 had family members in Hong Kong (Vogel 1969 , 44–45). For these divided households, the capitalist marketplace in Hong Kong allowed the male breadwinner to earn Hong Kong dollars (HKD) and purchase consumer goods, while the socialist system...
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Journal Article
Journal of Asian Studies (1996) 55 (1): 94–117.
Published: 01 February 1996
...). This saying suggests that a male might not necessarily be the sole breadwinner in poor peasant households. Females in peasant households, who maintained a so-called household "sideline" (fuye) often brought into their households crucial cash incomes. Although the trend of silk fabric production in Ming-Qing...