This essay outlines how religious ideas and practices shaped the activism of Chin Wan, known as the “godfather of localism” in Hong Kong. While Chin's role in the rise of the localist wave of the 2010s is well known, his role as a religious figure has been completely ignored. As the earliest exponent of “valiant warrior” (yung mou 勇武) and “be water” militant tactics based on Confucian and Daoist narratives, he had a deep influence on Hong Kong protest culture during and after the Occupy movement of 2014. This case undermines conventional secularist narratives of Hong Kong social movements and offers new insights into the politics of identity in Hong Kong.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.