The Indian Army officer corps is arguably one of the most important institutions that India inherited with the British Raj's passing. Its significance at the time India gained independence in 1947 is derived from that fact that it was the only major colonial military force that had a significant portion of its officers come from indigenous and nonwhite backgrounds. The impact on civil-military relations in India (and Pakistan) is plain to see. It is not surprising, then, that the process by which the colonial Indian Army's officer corps was “Indianized” has evinced considerable scholarly interest. Chander S. Sundaram's Indianization, the Officer Corps, and the Indian Army is the latest offering in the field.

Sundaram accepts that there were two distinct phases to the Indianization program. The first phase, from 1817 to 1917, encompassed the process by which the government of India created the Indian Cadet Corps (ICC), an...

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