In The Red Star and the Crescent, editor James Reardon-Anderson brings together a diverse group of scholars to investigate China's emerging relationship with the Middle East and North Africa region, giving particular attention to the oil-rich states of the Persian Gulf. In doing so, Reardon-Anderson has helped to shed light on an increasingly important relationship that has often been overlooked by academics and policymakers alike. Many existing works have discussed China's economic rise, its growing global influence, and its grand strategic plans that include the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) Initiative, as well as its expanding and deepening presence in sub-Saharan Africa and, more recently, Latin America. But focused studies that consider China's strategy toward the Middle East and its likely impact have been few and far between.

The book's contributors emphasize that China's economic connections in the region have grown but are quick to contextualize China's rise as...

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