At the United Nations' sixtieth anniversary summit in 2005, Chinese President Hu Jintao introduced a new concept of “harmonious world” to the world, a move that has been viewed by many as a reflection of China's rising power and as an endeavor to enhance its soft power. This edited book of ten chapters, the product of a 2007 conference in Britain, seeks to examine China's intellectual search for a new world order. A welcome addition to the study of Chinese worldviews from historical and theoretical perspectives, this book should be a stimulating textbook for graduate seminars and for scholars.

The book is divided into three parts. The first part features three of China's prominent public intellectuals and seeks to rediscover traditional ideas. In his thought-provoking essay, Zhao Tingyang proposes China's traditional notion of “all-under-Heaven” (Tianxia) as an alternative to the modern international system. Although his criticism of the existing system...

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