Boxes of eye makeup return our gaze in a photograph by Lewis Koch, made in a shop in Agra, India, in 1995. The photo is from Koch's series Notes from the Stone-Paved Path: Meditations on North India. Photograph courtesy of the artist.

In an essay based on his 2007 Presidential Address to the AAS, Anand A. Yang tells us about the banishment of the poligars, the “little kings” who for fifty years led the armed resistance to the British colonial state's expansion into the Tirunelveli District of South India. As it began to prevail in the so-called Poligar Wars, the British colonial government executed many of the poligars and redistributed their possessions to loyal landholders. Seventy-three surviving poligars were banished in 1802 to the penal colony at Penang, a British colonial settlement on the west coast of the Malay peninsula. There, the princes struggled to distinguish themselves among...

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