Kuo Mo-Jo was born about 1893 in Chia-ting (now Lo-shan), Szechwan. After graduating from high school in Chia-ting and studying for half a year in a college in Ch'eng-tu, he went to Japan to study medicine. While there he married a Japanese nurse. His main interest was in literature and writing, so on returning to China he became one of the co-founders of the Ch'uang-tsao She (Creative Society), a Shanghai group interested in new literary movements. Before the opening of the Northern Expedition in 1926 he was Dean of Arts at Chungshan University in Canton. When the Northern Expedition began he held the position of Chief of the Propaganda Division of the Political Department of the expedition and concurrently Secretary-General of the Provisional Headquarters.

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