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Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2022) 18 (3): 359–386.
Published: 01 November 2022
...Mehrdad Alipour Abstract Muslim jurists have issued several fatwas (Islamic legal opinions) permitting gender-confirming surgery (GCS) for various groups of intersex and/or transgender people. However, these fatwas have been critiqued for conceiving of intersex and transgender individuals...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2007) 3 (3): 1–20.
Published: 01 November 2007
...Marcia C. Inhorn In the Middle East, many men who experience reproductive difficulties within marriage end up undergoing a risky form of male genital surgery called “varicocelectomy.” Promoted by urological surgeons as a way to enhance fertility, varicocelectomy is a form of men's embodied...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2014) 10 (2): 31–51.
Published: 01 July 2014
... Ruhollah Khomeini published a fatwa declaring that there is no religious restriction on sex reassignment surgery for hermaphrodites. In 1985, he issued an appendage to this fatwa to include transsexuals suffering from gender dysphoria. This reissuance impelled the process that culminated in new state...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2020) 16 (1): 79–86.
Published: 01 March 2020
... to be an “Arab woman.” All these issues, I believe, divert attention from the larger issue at hand: women writing their bodies and destigmatizing disability. There was a new experimental surgery. It was not meant to be performed on all patients, it was reserved for cases that really needed help...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2015) 11 (2): 221–223.
Published: 01 July 2015
... of psychological and psychiatric approaches practiced at different centers and clinics. She also presents differing religious opinions that seek to justify the legalization of sex reassignment surgery. For instance, in chapter 5 Najmabadi recounts her fascinating discussion with Ayatollah Kariminia, one...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2020) 16 (3): 346–350.
Published: 01 November 2020
... identities at a significant time in the Middle East, the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. During this period new nations were forming, which led to the creation of hybrid national and gendered identities. Within this context, representing the body after surgery, nude, or adorned in various...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2019) 15 (3): 416–422.
Published: 01 November 2019
... to reclaim their “technical virginity” (Özyeğin 2015 ). The primary method used is hymenoplasty, or the restoration of the hymen to allow for the possibility of bleeding, sometimes coupled with vaginoplasty, an additional surgery that provides a feeling of vaginal tightness during penile-vaginal intercourse...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2018) 14 (2): 255–258.
Published: 01 July 2018
... reassignment surgery (Can et al. 2011 ). Activists discussed “sexual terrorism” as a constant threat to LGBT people. This is a system of frightening, dominating, and controlling bodies “manifested through actual and implied violence,” such as rape, battery, sexual abuse, and murder. When I asked...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2022) 18 (1): 105–133.
Published: 01 March 2022
... with successful surgeries with undersupplies, cases of unusual diseases, places and people visited, anecdotes heard, and so on, alongside comments and reflections. Conscious of their mission as a state endeavor to showcase benevolence and solidarity with the developing world, the doctors present their activities...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2018) 14 (2): 152–173.
Published: 01 July 2018
... Abu Bakr Effendi . 1971 . Bayan al-Din: The Religious Duties of Islam , translated from Arabic and Afrikaans by Brandel-Syrier Mia . Leiden : Brill . Albucasis [Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi] . 1973 . Kitab al-Tasrif: Abulcasis on Surgery and Instruments; A Definitive Edition...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2016) 12 (2): 225–245.
Published: 01 July 2016
... vaginal construction surgery and was telling me about her latest visit to one of the public education and research hospitals in Istanbul to get her vagina checked. Seval looked impatient and excited, because, as she articulated, her two-and-a-half-year-long painful and meticulous medicolegal gender...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2017) 13 (1): 135–137.
Published: 01 March 2017
... surgery, female genital mutilation, Internet porn, ʿurfi (or temporary) marriage, and more. As a writer and broadcaster, her methodology is not always academically sound, but this flexibility allows her to go wherever her questions take her—conversations with scholars, sex therapists, taxi drivers...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2014) 10 (1): 105–127.
Published: 01 March 2014
... media, denounced on Oprah, mentioned in every lec- ture on gender and development or international human rights problems, and considered de rigueur for the syllabi of political science courses on women (see Public Policy Advisory Network on Female Genital Surgeries in Africa (2012) for examples...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2021) 17 (2): 240–255.
Published: 01 July 2021
... abroad for the promised plastic surgery to repair her face, Dalal views their connection as somewhat distant and less familial than the relationship between father and daughter. For her, in the moment of the accident both social connection and the physical connection of touch were completely disrupted...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2014) 10 (3): 136–139.
Published: 01 November 2014
... of exercising power and control. The obsessive attention to conspicuous consumption, show-off home décor, beauty, outward ap- pearances, vanity, and cosmetic surgery is a marker of Iranian American women in the United States and to some degree in Iran (mainly during Mohammad Reza Shah’s...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2017) 13 (2): 195–218.
Published: 01 July 2017
... standards for limiting them: We have to look at what science and rationality tell us. European standards are what we want to achieve, right? Science tells us that caesareans are medical surgeries and that they should not exceed the 15–20 percent ratio. This is the world and European averages and standards...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2015) 11 (3): 331–336.
Published: 01 November 2015
... sexual reassignment surgery (SRS) as yet another coercive mechanism of the Iranian state and said that none of the people she interviewed would have undergone SRS had they lived outside Iran. They did so, she contended, because they were pressured by a society and a state that punish homosexuality...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2016) 12 (2): 181–202.
Published: 01 July 2016
... and appearance of the body have been expanding globally, with a large array of (new) professionals providing haircuts and massages, dietary advice, manicures and pedicures, makeup, aesthetic surgery, and various noninvasive aesthetic procedures for purposes of “rejuvenation” or to lose weight...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2023) 19 (1): 72–95.
Published: 01 March 2023
... of the Islamic Republic .” Iranian Studies 42 , no. 1 : 5 – 26 . Aghabikloo Ali , Bahrami Mahmood , Saberi Seyed Mehdi , and Emamhadi Mohammad Ali . 2012 . “ Gender Identity Disorders in Iran: Request for Sex Reassignment Surgery .” International Journal of Medical Toxicology...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2009) 5 (2): 23–52.
Published: 01 July 2009
... surgeries, the interviewees were generally willing to talk and were oft en quite loquacious. Interviews were conducted in a small private room on the clinic’s periphery and lasted 20 to 90 minutes each. Th e interviewer was a Jew- ish woman, trained as a clinical psychologist...