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Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 November 2007) 3 (3): 1–20.
Published: 01 November 2007
...Marcia C. Inhorn In the Middle East, many men who experience reproductive difficulties within marriage end up undergoing a risky form of male genital surgery called “varicocelectomy.” Promoted by urological surgeons as a way to enhance fertility, varicocelectomy is a form of men's embodied...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2014) 10 (2): 31–51.
Published: 01 July 2014
... Ruhollah Khomeini published a fatwa declaring that there is no religious restriction on sex reassignment surgery for hermaphrodites. In 1985, he issued an appendage to this fatwa to include transsexuals suffering from gender dysphoria. This reissuance impelled the process that culminated in new state...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2015) 11 (2): 221–223.
Published: 01 July 2015
... (later Maryam) Mulkara’s effective lobbying of the religious-political establishment in Iran culminated in a fatwa by none other than Ayatollah Khomeini sanctioning sex reassignment surgery. Transsexuality, which had been a topic of curiosity and fascination approached through notions of natural...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2018) 14 (2): 255–258.
Published: 01 July 2018
... declaring them infertile to allow reassignment surgery (Can et al. 2011 ). Activists discussed “sexual terrorism” as a constant threat to LGBT people. This is a system of frightening, dominating, and controlling bodies “manifested through actual and implied violence,” such as rape, battery, sexual...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 March 2017) 13 (1): 135–137.
Published: 01 March 2017
... a substantial initial capital for the newlyweds. She then examines virginity reconstruction surgery, female genital mutilation, Internet porn, ʿurfi (or temporary) marriage, and more. As a writer and broadcaster, her methodology is not always academically sound, but this flexibility allows her to...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2016) 12 (2): 225–245.
Published: 01 July 2016
... in her long, narrow, and poorly lit living room on the fifth floor of a high-rise building. She had recently had vaginal construction surgery and was telling me about her latest visit to one of the public education and research hospitals in Istanbul to get her vagina checked. Seval looked impatient...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 November 2014) 10 (3): 136–139.
Published: 01 November 2014
... broader Iranian/Middle Eastern patriarchal way of exercising power and control. The obsessive attention to conspicuous consumption, show-off home décor, beauty, outward ap- pearances, vanity, and cosmetic surgery is a marker of Iranian American women in the United States and to some...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2018) 14 (2): 152–173.
Published: 01 July 2018
... Ifta’ ruled that sex changes are permissible with the recommendation of a physician. In 1999 Iran’s Ayatollah Khamenei issued a fatwa permitting gender reassignment surgery for intersex and male-to-female transsexuals. The current paradigm for interpreting these judgments suggests that Muslim jurists...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 November 2015) 11 (3): 331–336.
Published: 01 November 2015
... faced by Iranian transgender women. She viewed sexual reassignment surgery (SRS) as yet another coercive mechanism of the Iranian state and said that none of the people she interviewed would have undergone SRS had they lived outside Iran. They did so, she contended, because they were pressured by a...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 March 2014) 10 (1): 105–127.
Published: 01 March 2014
... over in exposés in popular media, denounced on Oprah, mentioned in every lec- ture on gender and development or international human rights problems, and considered de rigueur for the syllabi of political science courses on women (see Public Policy Advisory Network on Female Genital Surgeries...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2017) 13 (2): 195–218.
Published: 01 July 2017
... among politicians, experts, and the general public. Some experts oppose the very high number of caesarean deliveries as unnecessary surgeries, arguing that when caesareans, like any surgery, are performed in the absence of medical need, there can be unwanted complications that put women at unnecessary...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2016) 12 (2): 181–202.
Published: 01 July 2016
... upkeep and appearance of the body have been expanding globally, with a large array of (new) professionals providing haircuts and massages, dietary advice, manicures and pedicures, makeup, aesthetic surgery, and various noninvasive aesthetic procedures for purposes of “rejuvenation” or to lose weight. In...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2009) 5 (2): 23–52.
Published: 01 July 2009
... very forthcoming. Perhaps because the interviews took place while husbands were waiting for their wives to complete oocyte retrieval surgeries, the interviewees were generally willing to talk and were oft en quite loquacious. Interviews were conducted in a small private room on...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2008) 4 (2): 1–28.
Published: 01 July 2008
... (e.g., contracep- tion, organ transplants, transgender surgery). Furthermore, ijtihad hhasas ultimately led to great heterogeneity of opinion and practice within the Shia community. Additionally, Shia Islam allows a form of temporary marriage called mut‘a (also called sigheh in Iran...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 November 2010) 6 (3): 19–57.
Published: 01 November 2010
.... According to the ad, the garment could reverse damage incurred in childbirth and obviate the need for surgery. The woman in the ad, while not overwhelmingly Western in her features (as the image is a simple line drawing), has fair skin, a small, upturned nose, and a short, bob hairstyle...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2016) 12 (2): 203–224.
Published: 01 July 2016
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2017) 13 (2): 222–243.
Published: 01 July 2017
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 March 2009) 5 (1): 1–23.
Published: 01 March 2009
.... Th e face is like a blank canvas whose identity is constructed through surgery and cosmetics and which doctors, designers, and hairdress- ers “try to master.” We all wear masks, says Saillard; faces are adorned or ornamented or obscured or revealed in manifold ways. He charts a...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 November 2009) 5 (3): 54–73.
Published: 01 November 2009
... liver. I have problems with my liver. I’ve had liver surgery twice and, thank God, we are man- aging a little. God takes care [of things]. What can we do? (A married woman in Raml) CONCLUSIONS Even as attention to the eff ects of war-related displacement aft...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (1 July 2005) 1 (2): 55–88.
Published: 01 July 2005