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crimes against humanity

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Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2019) 15 (3): 261–285.
Published: 01 November 2019
.... Adjudicated as a crime against humanity at the end of the twentieth century, rape as a weapon of war, and especially genocide, no longer slips under the radar of international attention. This study argues that the Yazidi women’s brave decision to speak out may help break the millennial silence of rape...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2020) 16 (3): 245–263.
Published: 01 November 2020
... ideal sleuth. These murders are mostly perpetrated against trans women. Despite the terrible nature of the crimes in these novels and their resonance with the tragic reality of trans lives in Turkey, the series also delights with humor, sex positivity, and overall pluck. This essay seeks to explore this...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2009) 5 (1): 80–93.
Published: 01 March 2009
... 2004) does not criminalize domestic violence or violence against women or children, but it does specify crimes of physi- cal assault, molestation, defamation, insult, and exposing children to danger, and it specifi es penalties for felonies or misdemeanors involving any of these...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2008) 4 (3): 12–30.
Published: 01 November 2008
... a woman, whoever she is, to be subjected to laws of exception. Like man, she is a human being with a right to her integral autonomy, and we protest against every kind of regulation that, under the pretext of safeguarding the health of men, or even the family, sanctions and...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2014) 10 (2): 1–30.
Published: 01 July 2014
... Family Code has formulated its goals and the way that the law and the state continue to conceptualize a woman go against the main principle of individuality contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and CEDAW to which Morocco has continually committed itself, at least on paper...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2005) 1 (3): 96–107.
Published: 01 November 2005
... violence against women occurs in the home. Political leaders argued that the status of women derived from cultural and social traditions that were outside its purview. Th e human rights conventions also tended to ignore social and economic rights. In the context of the widening international...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2012) 8 (1): 63–91.
Published: 01 March 2012
... three decades of dictatorship characterized by massive vio- lence and human rights violations against various ethnic, religious, and regional groups. Today, Kurdish survivors of the poison gas attacks and JOURNAL OF MIDDLE EAST WOMEN’S STUDIES Vol. 8...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2017) 13 (3): 354–375.
Published: 01 November 2017
... Berlin in 2015–16, we show that Kurdish activists have struggled to make the eradication of gender-based inequalities and violence central to the wider Kurdish peace movement, while Turkish women’s rights activists have increasingly recognized that the war against the Kurds, “like a blanket,” often...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2012) 8 (1): 37–62.
Published: 01 March 2012
... mandate to investigate human rights violations began with Morocco’s 1956 independence from France and ended with the establishment of the 1999 Indemnity Commission, the earlier attempt to redress forty-three years of the regime’s war against its own citizens. Although the competence of the 2004...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2010) 6 (1): 103–116.
Published: 01 March 2010
.... Th e “evidence” against her accu- mulates, producing a high stack of books on the interrogator’s desk, but the viewer knows nothing more than that her crime concerns the writ- ings set before her. When, fi nally, the woman speaks, it is fragments of Farrokhzad’s poem, “Th e Window” Panjareh...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2018) 14 (1): 3–24.
Published: 01 March 2018
...Marlene Schäfers Abstract Women’s rights and human rights projects in Turkey and elsewhere routinely construe and celebrate subaltern voice as an index of individual and collective empowerment. Through an ethnographic study of Kurdish women singers’ ( dengbêj s) efforts to engage in their...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2012) 8 (1): 115–139.
Published: 01 March 2012
... privilege a redemptive narrative, where former fighters are shown as regretful, even feminized, “little men” on par with other human victims of a senseless war. This narrative is meant to counter the widely held notion in Lebanon that militiamen bear a large part of the responsibility for the war. At the...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2017) 13 (3): 483–485.
Published: 01 November 2017
... to the presidency was the culmination of a fearmongering rhetoric that pitted disenfranchised white Americans against minorities and immigrants of numerous ethnicities or faiths (Mexicans, Arabs, South Asians, and Muslims). It portrayed a dismal picture of a vulnerable America in crisis—one whose...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2017) 13 (2): 315–317.
Published: 01 July 2017
....” Coercive intercourse or not, in Sumerian law the perpetrator was forced to pay an indemnity to the father or husband, since the crime was not rape so much as “ruination” for future or existing marriage (28). Azam notes a shift when Talmudic scholars suggested paying the indemnity to a woman rather than her...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2006) 2 (3): 1–21.
Published: 01 November 2006
... changes to social and gender identities than by a reality of crime. In her typology of female crime, the largest category is constituted by a‘māl-i munāfi -yi ‘iff at, acts against chastity, approximately seventy-fi ve percent of which are cases of prostitution. Hijāzi initially states that these...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2019) 15 (3): 402–408.
Published: 01 November 2019
... crimes against American Muslims and persons perceived to be Muslim have reached disturbingly high levels nationwide. In 2015 hate crimes increased 67 percent over their 2014 level and for the first time exceeded the rates of the immediate post-9/11 period. In 2016 and 2017 they increased further, and no...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2011) 7 (2): 120–122.
Published: 01 July 2011
... answer this question, one must turn to the Qur’an as some of its verses appropriate lashing as the punishment for certain crimes. In other words, Shirazi cites the Qur’an and ignores the Hadith when arguing in defense of lesbians and does just the opposite when arguing against lashing. However...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2019) 15 (2): 237–243.
Published: 01 July 2019
... sexual harassment a crime in June 2014 and introduced tougher penalties for those convicted of performing FGM in December 2016, although human-rights organizations have deemed these measures insufficient. 4 Two national strategies were issued, one in 2015 to combat violence against women and end early...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2010) 6 (1): 1–45.
Published: 01 March 2010
... purchasing their lipstick and nail polish.26 Although its focus has always been women’s health, only a few years ago Peace- keeper Cause-metics also gave a fraction of its proceeds to fi ght “honor crimes” and other forms of cultural violence against women associated with the Muslim world...
Journal Article
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies (2016) 12 (3): 433–449.
Published: 01 November 2016
... 2009 , 2). 6 In 2009, these young men, who were from the same Baghdad neighborhood that was a site of the 1991 uprising against Hussein’s government, embarked on a campaign that targeted and killed men and boys identified as homosexuals (Human Rights Watch 2009 ). The masculine political agency of...