The women’s rights movement in Iran has a long and complex history. From the early twentieth century to the present day, women in Iran have fought for their rights and gender equality. During the twentieth century Iran witnessed two revolutions: the Constitutional Revolution of 1905 and the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Women played an influential role in the mobilization of both revolutions, but they were the first group to be ignored in their aftermath. Moreover, it was not until the 1979 revolution that the women’s movement gained momentum vis-à-vis its own agenda and began to make significant strides toward achieving gender equality. Through their activism, women have asserted their right to equal opportunities, access to education, political participation, and economic empowerment. The women’s movement was confronted with suppression from the moment the Islamic government assumed power; however, it developed over time despite decades of sometimes intense repression, finally peaking in...

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